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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Ordo: Trogoniformes

Familia: Trogonidae
Genus: Trogon
Species: T. bairdii – T. caligatus – T. chionurus – T. citreolus – T. clathratusT. collarisT. comptus T. curucui - T. elegans - T. massena - T. melanocephalus - T. melanurus – T. mesurus – T. mexicanus - T. personatus - T. rufus - T. surrucura - T. violaceus - T. viridis


Trogon Brisson, 1760

Trogon viridis Linnaeus, 1766


Brisson, M.J. 1760. Ornithologie ou méthode contenant la division des oiseaux en ordres, sections, genres, especes & leurs variétés. A laquelle on a joint une description exacte de chaque espece, avec les citations des auteurs qui en ont traité, les noms qu'ils leur ont donnés, ceux que leur ont donnés les différentes nations, & les noms vulgaires. Ouvrage enrichi de figures en taille-douce. Tome I. - pp. j-xxiv [= 1-24], 1-526, j-lxxiij [= 1-73], Pl. I-XXXVII [= 1-37]. Paris. (Bauche). Original description p.42 BHL Reference page. Tome 4: 164 BHL, pl.XVI fig.1 BHL

Trogon is a genus of Coraciimorphae birds in the trogon family. Its members occur in forests and woodlands of the Americas, ranging from southeastern Arizona to northern Argentina.

They have large eyes, stout hooked bills, short wings, and long, squared-off, strongly graduated tails; black and white tail-feather markings form distinctive patterns on the underside. Males have richly colored metallic plumage, metallic on the upperparts.[1] Although many have brightly coloured bare eye-rings, they lack the colorful patches of bare facial skin in their African counterparts, Apaloderma.[2] Females and young are duller and sometimes hard to identify in the field.[1] Eggs are white or bluish-white, unlike the pale blue eggs of quetzals.[2] See the family account for further details.

The genus Trogon was introduced by the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson in 1760 with the green-backed trogon (Trogon viridis) as the type species.[3][4] The name of the genus is from the Ancient Greek τρωγων trōgōn for "fruit-eating" or "gnawing".[5] The name had previously been used by the German naturalist Paul Möhring in 1752 for the blue-crowned trogon (Trogon curucui).[6]

The genus contains 20 species:[7]

Male Female Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Trogon clathratus -Costa Rica-8.jpg Trogon clathratus - (female) -Costa Rica-6.jpg Lattice-tailed trogon Trogon clathratus Costa Rica and Panama.
Slaty-tailed Trogon - Panama H8O2882 (16120379470).jpg Slaty-tailed trogon (Trogon massena hoffmanni) female.jpg Slaty-tailed trogon Trogon massena southeastern Mexico south through Central America, to Colombia, and a small region of northwestern Ecuador.
Trogon comptus (male) -NW Ecuador-8.jpg Chocó trogon Trogon comptus western Colombia and north-western Ecuador.
Ecuadorian Trogon - Ecuador S4E9606.jpg Ecuadorian trogon Trogon mesurus western Ecuador and far north-western Peru.
Black-tailed Trogon - Lake Bayano - Panama (48437843591).jpg Black-tailed Trogon (F).jpg Black-tailed trogon Trogon melanurus north-western South America and adjacent Panama.
Black-headed Trogon (27231397689).jpg Black-headed Trogon (Trogon melanocephalus) (7222802632).jpg Black-headed trogon Trogon melanocephalus northern Colombia, northern Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago.
Trogon citreolus 1.jpg Citreoline trogon Trogon citreolus western Mexico
Trogon-viridis-002.jpg White-tailed trogon Trogon chionurus Chocó, ranging from Panama, through western Colombia, to western Ecuador.
Bairds Trogon (6985578202).jpg Baird's Trogon (49701710858).jpg Baird's trogon Trogon bairdii Costa Rica and far western Panama
Trogon viridis (Green-backed Trogon), male, Restinga de Bertioga - SP - Brasil.jpg Trogon viridis - White-tailed Trogon (female).jpg Green-backed trogon Trogon viridis the Amazon, the Guiana Shield, Trinidad, and the Atlantic Forest in eastern Brazil.
Gartered Trogon - Mexico S4E9784.jpg Gartered trogon (Trogon caligatus) female.jpg Gartered trogon Trogon caligatus east-central Mexico, south through Central America, to west or north of the Andes in Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela
Amazonian trogon Trogon ramonianus the Amazon
Trogon violaceus 3.jpg Guianan trogon Trogon violaceus Mexico, Central America, and northern South America
Blue-crowned Trogon.JPG Blue-crowned trogon Trogon curucui Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Peru
Trogon surrucura -Parque Estadual da Serra da Cantareira, Sao Paulo, Brazil-8.jpg Trogon surrucura -Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil-8.jpg Surucua trogon Trogon surrucura south-eastern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, and far north-eastern Argentina and Uruguay
Black-throated Trogon.jpg Black-throated Trogon female RWD.jpg Black-throated trogon or Yellow-bellied Trogon Trogon rufus Honduras south to western Ecuador and northern Argentina.
Elegant Trogon (Trogon elegans).jpg Elegant Trogon - female.jpg Elegant trogon Trogon elegans Guatemala in the south as far north as the upper Gila River in Arizona and New Mexico.
Male Mountain Trogon (Trogon mexicanus).jpg Mountain Trogon fem - Mexico S4E0747 (16120203108).jpg Mountain trogon Trogon mexicanus Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico and has occurred in El Salvador
Trogon collaris (Trogón collarejo) (15168087712).jpg Collared trogon Trogon collaris northern Colombia, northern Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago.
Masked Trogon JCB.jpg Trogon personatus (Trogón enmascarado) - Hembra (16320067632).jpg Masked trogon Trogon personatus the Andes


Hilty, Steven L. (2003), Birds of Venezuela, Princeton University Press, p. 438, ISBN 0-691-09250-8
Williamson, Sheri L.; Colston, P. R. (2003), "Trogons", in Christopher Perrins (ed.), Firefly Encyclopedia of Birds, Firefly Books, pp. 362–363, ISBN 1-55297-777-3
Brisson, Mathurin Jacques (1760). Ornithologie, ou, Méthode Contenant la Division des Oiseaux en Ordres, Sections, Genres, Especes & leurs Variétés (in French and Latin). Paris: Jean-Baptiste Bauche. Vol. 1, p. 42, Vol. 4, p. 164.
Dickinson, E.C.; Remsen, J.V., Jr., eds. (2013). The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Vol. 1: Non-passerines (4th ed.). Eastbourne, UK: Aves Press. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-9568611-0-8.
Jobling, J.A. (2019). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
Möhring, Paul Heinrich Gerhard (1752). Avium Genera (in Latin). Avricae: apvd G.G. Rvmp. p. 52.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Mousebirds, trogons, Cuckoo Roller". World Bird List Version 9.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 7 April 2019.

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