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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Cladus: Synapsida
Cladus: Eupelycosauria
Cladus: Sphenacodontia
Cladus: Sphenacodontoidea
Cladus: Therapsida
Cladus: Theriodontia
Subordo: Cynodontia
Infraordo: Eucynodontia
Cladus: Probainognathia
Cladus: Prozostrodontia
Cladus: Mammaliaformes
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Trechnotheria
Infraclassis: Zatheria
Supercohors: Theria
Cohors: Eutheria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Cladus: Boreoeutheria
Superordo: Euarchontoglires
Ordo: Rodentia
Subordo: Myomorpha
Superfamilia: Muroidea

Familia: Muridae
Subfamilia: Deomyinae
Genus: Acomys
Species (21): A. airensis – A. cahirinus – A. chudeaui – A. cilicicus – A. cineraceus – A. dimidiatus – A. ignitus – A. johannis – A. kempi – A. louisae – A. minous – A. mullah – A. muzei – A. nesiotes – A. ngurui – A. percivali – A. russatus – A. seurati – A. spinosissimus – A. subspinosus – A. wilsoni


Acomys I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1838


Acanthomys Lesson, 1842
Acosminthus Gloger, 1841


Frynta, D. et al. 2010: Phylogenetic relationships within the cahirinus-dimidiatus group of the genus Acomys (Rodentia: Muridae): new mitochondrial lineages from Sahara, Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Zootaxa, 2660: 46–56. Preview
Verheyen, W. et al. 2011: Contribution to the systematics and zoogeography of the East-African Acomys spinosissimus Peters 1852 species complex and the description of two new species (Rodentia: Muridae). Zootaxa 3059: 1–35. Preview Reference page.


ION [needs update]
Acomys in Mammal Species of the World.
Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. Mammal Species of the World – A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.
Nomenclator Zoologicus

Vernacular names
日本語: トゲマウス属
Türkçe: Dikenli fare


The term spiny mouse refers to any species of rodent within the genus Acomys. Similar in appearance to mice of the genus Mus, spiny mice are small mammals with bare, scaled tails. However, their coats are endowed with unusually stiff guard hairs that function similarly to the spines of a hedgehog; this trait is the source of the common name, spiny mouse.

Despite their similarity to members of the genus Mus, scientists suspect that the African spiny mice may be more closely related to gerbils than to common mice.


Genus Acomys - spiny mice

* Western Saharan Spiny Mouse, Acomys airensis
* Cairo Spiny Mouse, Acomys cahirinus
* Chudeau's Spiny Mouse, Acomys chudeaui
* Asia Minor Spiny Mouse, Acomys cilicicus
* Grey Spiny Mouse, Acomys cineraceus
* Eastern Spiny Mouse, Acomys dimidiatus
* Fiery Spiny Mouse, Acomys ignitus
* Johan's Spiny Mouse, Acomys johannis
* Kemp's Spiny Mouse, Acomys kempi
* Louise's Spiny Mouse, Acomys louisae
* Crete Spiny Mouse, Acomys minous
* Mullah Spiny Mouse, Acomys mullah
* Cyprus Spiny Mouse, Acomys nesiotes
* Percival's Spiny Mouse, Acomys percivali
* Golden Spiny Mouse, Acomys russatus
* Seurat's Spiny Mouse, Acomys seurati
* Southern African Spiny Mouse, Acomys spinosissimus
* Cape Spiny Mouse, Acomys subspinosus
* Wilson's Spiny Mouse, Acomys wilsoni

Spiny mice as exotic pets

Though African spiny mice originated in the deserts of Africa, they are frequently kept as exotic pets in other parts of the world, particularly Western nations such as the United States. In the pet trade, they are most commonly referred to as Egyptian spiny mice or, more simply, spiny mice. Though these animals are similar to pet mice and rats, the tail of a spiny mouse is much more delicate. Therefore, the spiny mouse should never be picked up by its tail and should be handled with care to avoid a degloving injury. Their diet is also rather hard to maintain because their bodies have odd reactions to certain foods.


Due to their desert origin, spiny mice thrive at hot temperatures and should be maintained around 27°C (81°F). These animals are very social and should always be housed in groups when possible. As spiny mice are prone to obesity, it is important to provide ample space and environmental enrichment to encourage exercise.


Gestation length is between 38 and 42 days. Litters normally consist of 2 to 3 pups, but females may have up to 6 pups in a single litter. Other females within the social group may assist in the birthing process and tend to the newborns. Pups are born with their eyes open; they will begin to leave the nesting area at about 3 days of age. Babies are weaned around 5 to 6 weeks and reach sexual maturity at about 6 to 9 weeks. A female can conceive throughout the year and may produce up to 12 litters in a year. Lifespan for spiny mice is 4 to 7 years. The mother is able to become pregnant right after birth.[1][2]


1. ^ The Bristol Zoo
2. ^ The Oregon Zoo

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