Fine Art

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Eupercaria
Ordo: Centrarchiformes
Subordo: Terapontoidei

Familia: Terapontidae
Genera: Amniataba - Bidyanus - Hannia - Hephaestus - Lagusia - Leiopotherapon - Mesopristes - Pelates - Pelsartia - Pingalla - Rhynchopelates - Scortum - Syncomistes - Terapon - Variichthys


Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2006. FishBase, version (02/2006). [1]

Vernacular names
čeština: Bručounovití
English: Grunters, Tigerperches
日本語: シマイサキ科
ไทย: วงศ์ปลาข้างตะเภา, วงศ์ปลาครืดคราด

Grunters or tigerperches are ray-finned fishes in the family Terapontidae (also spelled Teraponidae, Theraponidae or Therapontidae).[3] This family is part of the superfamily Percoidea of the order Perciformes.[4]


The Terapontidae is a large family of small to medium-sized perciform fishes which occur in marine, brackish and fresh waters in the Indo-Pacific region. They are characterised by a single long-based dorsal fin which has a notch marking the boundary between the spiny and soft-rayed portions. They have small to moderate-sized scales, a continuous lateral line reaching the caudal fin, and most species lack teeth on the roof of the mouth.[5] The marine species are found in inshore sea and brackish waters, some species are able to enter extremely saline and fresh waters. In Australia and New Guinea there are a number of species restricted to fresh water.[3]

The following genera are classified within the family Terpontidae:[6][5]

Amniataba Whitley, 1943
Hannia Vari, 1978
Helotes Cuvier, 1829
Hephaestus De Vis, 1884
Lagusia Vari 1978
Leiopotherapon Fowler, 1931
Mesopristes Bleeker, 1873
Pelates Cuvier, 1829
Pelsartia Whitley, 1943
Pingalla Whitley, 1955
Rhynchopelates Fowler, 1931
Scortum Whitley, 1943
Syncomistes Vari, 1978
Terapon Cuvier, 1816
Variichthys Allen, 1993


Richard van der Laan; William N. Eschmeyer & Ronald Fricke (2014). "Family-group names of Recent fishes". Zootaxa. 3882 (2): 001–230.
Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Terapon". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
R.P. Vari. "Terapontidae" (PDF). FAO. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
J. S. Nelson; T. C. Grande; M. V. H. Wilson (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). Wiley. p. 441. ISBN 978-1-118-34233-6.
Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2019). "Terapontidae" in FishBase. December 2019 version.
Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Genera in the family Terapontidae". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 2 May 2020.

Fish Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World