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Homo cepranensis

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Primates
Subordo: Haplorrhini
Infraordo: Simiiformes
Parvordo: Catarrhini
Superfamilia: Hominoidea
Familia: Hominidae
Subfamilia: Homininae
Tribus: Hominini
Subtribus: Hominina
Genus: Homo
Species: †Homo cepranensis


Homo cepranensis Mallegni et al., 2003.

Homo cepranensis is a proposed name for a human species, known from only one skull cap discovered in 1994.[1] The fossil was discovered by archeologist Italo Biddittu and was nicknamed "Ceprano Man" after a nearby town in the province of Frosinone, 89 kilometers Southeast of Rome, Italy.[2]

The age of the fossil is estimated to be between 350,000 to 500,000 years old.[3] An adjacent site, Fontana Ranuccio, was dated to 487,000 +/- 6000 years and Muttoni et al. suggest that Ceprano is most likely 450,000 years old. The cranial features on the bone seem to be intermediate between those found on Homo erectus and those of later species such as Homo heidelbergensis which dominated Europe long before Homo neanderthalensis. A 2011 study suggested it was ancestral to Homo neanderthalensis.[4] There is not yet enough material to make a complete analysis of the individual.

^ Mallegni, F (2003). "Homo cepranensis sp. nov. and the evolution of African-European Middle Pleistocene hominids". Comptes Rendus Palevol 2: 153–159. doi:10.1016/S1631-0683(03)00015-0. ISSN 1631-0683.
^ Manzi, G; Mallegni, F; Ascenzi, A (2001). "A cranium for the earliest Europeans: Phylogenetic position of the hominid from Ceprano, Italy". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98 (17): 10011–10016. doi:10.1073/pnas.151259998. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 55569. PMID 11504953.
^ Muttoni, Giovanni; Scardia, Giancarlo; Kent, Dennis V.; Swisher, Carl C.; Manzi, Giorgio (2009). "Pleistocene magnetochronology of early hominin sites at Ceprano and Fontana Ranuccio, Italy". Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 286 (Early online): 255. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.06.032.
^ http://www.ploscollections.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0018821;jsessionid=4A4B8A5E7DD12BC3E642D5AE30B80069.ambra02

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License