Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Mirbelieae
Genera: Almaleea - AotusCallistachysChorizemaDaviesiaDillwyniaErichseniaEuchilopsisEutaxia - Gastrolobium - Gompholobium - Isotropis - JacksoniaLatrobeaLeptosemaMirbeliaOxylobiumPhyllotaPodolobiumPultenaeaSphaerolobiumStonesiellaUrodonViminaria


Mirbelieae (Benth.) Polhill in R.M. Polhill & P.H. Raven, Adv. Legume System. 1: 391. (1981)

Type genus: Mirbelia Sm. Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 511. (1805)

Primary references

Polhill, R.M. in R.M. Polhill & P.H. Raven, 1981. Adv. Legume System. 1: 391.

Additional references

Crisp, M.D. & Cook, G.G. 2003. Phylogeny and embryo sac evolution in the endemic Australasian Papilionoid tribes Mirbelieae and Bossiaeeae. Advances in Legumes Systematics part 10. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
The Legume Research Group 2016. Mirbelieae in the Legumes of the World. Accessed 30 Jan. 2016.


International Plant Names Index. 2021. Mirbelieae. Published online. Accessed: Mar 09 2021.

Vernacular names
English: Bush Peas
русский: Мирбелиевые

The Mirbelioids are an informal subdivision of the plant family Fabaceae that includes the former tribes Bossiaeeae and Mirbelieae. They are consistently recovered as a monophyletic clade in molecular phylogenies.[1][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The Mirbelioids arose 48.4 ± 1.3 million years ago (in the early Eocene).[10] Members of this clade are mostly ericoid (sclerophyllous) shrubs with yellow and red ('egg and bacon') flowers found in Australia, Tasmania, and Papua-New Guinea.[11][12] The name of this clade is informal and is not assumed to have any particular taxonomic rank like the names authorized by the ICBN or the ICPN.[2] Members of this clade exhibit unusual embryology compared to other legumes, either enlarged antipodal cells in the embryo sac or the production of multiple embryo sacs.[3][4][13][14] There has been a shift from bee pollination to bird pollination several times in this clade.[15] Mirbelioids produce quinolizidine alkaloids,[16] but unlike most papilionoids, they do not produce isoflavones.[17] Many of the Mirbelioids have pseudoraceme inflorescences.[18]


The Mirbelioids have been circumscribed to include the following genera:[5][19]
Giant antipodals group

Aenictophyton A. T. Lee
Bossiaea Vent.
Daviesia Sm.
Erichsenia Hemsl.
Gompholobium Sm.
Goodia Salisb.
Muelleranthus Hutch.
Paragoodia I. Thomps.[20]
Platylobium Sm.
Ptychosema Benth. ex Lindl.
Sphaerolobium Sm.
Viminaria Sm.

Multiple embryo-sac group
Basal grade

Isotropis Benth.
Jacksonia R. Br. ex Sm.
Leptosema Benth.

Callistachys group

Callistachys Vent.
Gastrolobium R.Br.

Oxylobium grade

Chorizema Labill.
Mirbelia Sm.
Oxylobium Andrews
Podolobium R. Br.

Pultenaea group

Almaleea Crisp & P. H. Weston
Aotus Sm.
Dillwynia Sm.
Euchilopsis F. Muell.
Eutaxia R. Br.
Latrobea Sm.
Phyllota (DC.) Benth.
Pultenaea Sm.
Stonesiella Crisp & P. H. Weston
Urodon Turcz.

It has been proposed that many of these genera be subsumed into Pultenaea.[21][22][23]

Wojciechowski MF; Lavin M; Sanderson MJ (2004). "A phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae) based on analysis of the plastid matK gene resolves many well-supported subclades within the family". Am J Bot. 91 (11): 1846–862. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.11.1846. PMID 21652332.
Wojciechowski MF (2013). "Towards a new classification of Leguminosae: Naming clades using non-Linnaean phylogenetic nomenclature". S Afr J Bot. 89: 85–93. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.017.
Crisp MD; Van Wyk B-E (2000). "Molecular phylogeny of the genistoid tribes of papilionoid legumes". In Herendeen PS; Bruneau A; Pollard PS (eds.). Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 249–276. ISBN 9781842460177.
Crisp MD; Cook LG (2003). "Phylogeny and embryo sac evolution in the endemic Australasian papilionoid tribes Mirbelieae and Bossiaeeae". In Klitgaard BB; Bruneau A (eds.). Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 10: Higher Level Systematics. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 253–268. ISBN 9781842460542.
Cardoso D; Pennington RT; de Queiroz LP; Boatwright JS; Van Wyk B-E; Wojciechowski MF; Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
Cardoso D; de Queiroz LP; Pennington RT; de Lima HC; Fonty É; Wojciechowski MF; Lavin M (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: new insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. PMID 23221500.
McMahon MM; Sanderson MJ (2006). "Phylogenetic supermatrix analysis of GenBank sequences from 2228 papilionoid legumes". Syst Biol. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.1080/10635150600999150. PMID 17060202.
LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades" (PDF). Taxon. 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8. hdl:10566/3455.
Doyle JJ; Doyle JL; Ballenger JA; Dickson EE; Kajita T; Ohashi H (1997). "A phylogeny of the chloroplast gene rbcL in the Leguminosae: taxonomic correlations and insights into the evolution of nodulation". Am J Bot. 84 (4): 541–554. doi:10.2307/2446030. JSTOR 2446030. PMID 21708606.
Lavin M; Herendeen PS; Wojciechowski MF (2005). "Evolutionary rates analysis of Leguminosae implicates a rapid diversification of lineages during the tertiary". Syst Biol. 54 (4): 575–94. doi:10.1080/10635150590947131. PMID 16085576.
Crisp MD; Chappill JA; De Kok R; Jobson P (2013). "Kew entry for Mirbelieae". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, England. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
Ross JH; Van Wyk B-E (2013). "Kew entry for Bossiaeeae". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, England. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
Cameron BG; Prakash N (1990). "Occurrence of giant antipodals in the female gametophytes of Australian Bossiaeeae, Indigofereae, and Mirbelieae (Leguminosae)". Austral J Bot. 38 (4): 395–401. doi:10.1071/BT9900395.
Cameron BG; Prakash N (1994). "Variations of the megagametophyte in the Papilionoideae". In Ferguson IK; Tucker SC (eds.). Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 6: Structural Botany. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 97–115. ISBN 978-0947643782.
Toon A; Cook LG; Crisp MD (2014). "Evolutionary consequences of shifts to bird-pollination in the Australian pea-flowered legumes (Mirbelieae and Bossiaeeae)". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 14 (1): 43. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-14-43. PMC 4015313. PMID 24602227.
Kinghorn AD; Balandrin MF; Lin L-J (1982). "Alkaloid distribution in some species of the papilionaceous tribes Sophoreae, Dalbergieae, Loteae, Brongniartieae, and Bossiaeeae". Phytochemistry. 21 (9): 2269–2275. doi:10.1016/0031-9422(82)85190-X.
Wink M (2013). "Evolution of secondary metabolites in legumes (Fabaceae)". South African Journal of Botany. 89: 164–175. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.006.
Tucker SC (2005). "Floral ontogeny of Hardenbergia violacea (Fabaceae: Faboideae: Phaseoleae) and taxa of tribes Bossiaeeae and Mirbelieae, with emphasis on presence of pseudoraceme inflorescences". Aust Syst Bot. 19 (3): 193–210. doi:10.1071/SB05004.
"Mirbelioid s. l.". Legumes of the World. Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
Thompson IR (2011). "A revision of Muelleranthus, Ptychosema, and Aenictophyton (Fabaceae: Bossiaeeae)" (PDF). Muelleria. 29 (2): 173–189.
Bickford SA; Laffan SW; de Kok RPJ; Orthia LA (2004). "Spatial analysis of taxonomic and genetic patterns and their potential for understanding evolutionary histories". Journal of Biogeography. 31 (11): 1715–173. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2004.01127.x.
Orthia LA; Cook LG; Crisp MD (2005). "Generic delimitation and phylogenetic uncertainty: An example from a group that has undergone an explosive radiation". Aust Syst Bot. 18 (1): 41–47. doi:10.1071/SB04016.
Orthia LA; Cook LG; Crisp MD; deKok RPJ (2005). "Bush peas: A rapid radiation with no support for monophyly of Pultenaea (Fabaceae: Mirbelieae)". Aust Syst Bot. 18 (2): 133–147. doi:10.1071/SB04028.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World