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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Superclassis: Multicrustacea
Classis: Malacostraca
Subclassis: Eumalacostraca
Superordo: Eucarida
Ordo: Decapoda
Subordo: Pleocyemata
Infraordo: Caridea
Superfamilia: Alpheoidea

Familia: Hippolytidae
Genera: Alcyonohippolyte – Alope - Bathyhippolyte - Birulia - Bythocaris - Calliasmata - Caridion - Chorismus - Cryptocheles - Eualus - Exhippolysmata - Gelastocaris - Gelastreutes - Heptacarpus - Hippolysmata - Hippolyte - Janicea - Koror - Latreutes - Lebbeus - Leontocaris - Ligur - Lysmata - Lysmatella - Merguia - Merhippolyte - Mimocaris - Nauticaris - Paralatreutes - Paralebbeus - Parhippolyte - Phycocaris - Saron - Somersiella - Spirontocaris - Thinora - Thor - Thoralus - Thorella - Tozeuma - Trachycaris - Yagerocaris


Ahyong, S.T. 2010: New species and new records of Caridea (Hippolytidae: Pasiphaeidae) from New Zealand. Pp. 341–357 in De Grave, S.; Fransen, C.H.J.M. (eds.): Contributions to shrimp taxonomy. Zootaxa, 2372: 1–414. Preview PDF
De Grave, S.; Chan, T.-Y.; Fujita, Y.; Okuno, J. 2012: Hippolytidae and Barbouriidae (Decapoda: Caridea) collected during the Ryukyu “KUMEJIMA 2009” expedition. Zootaxa 3367: 95–102. Preview Reference page.
De Grave, S. et al. 2014: Unweaving hippolytoid systematics (Crustacea, Decapoda, Hippolytidae): resurrection of several families. Zoologica scripta, DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12067 Reference page.
Marin, I.; Okuno, J.; Chan, T.-Y. 2011: On the “Hippolyte commensalis Kemp, 1925” species complex (Decapoda, Caridea, Hippolytidae), with the designation of a new genus and description of two new species from the Indo-West Pacific. Zootaxa, 2768: 32–54. Preview [erratum in Zootaxa, 2791: 68. (2011) PDF]
Nye, V. 2013: New species of hippolytid shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Hippolytidae) from a southwest Indian Ocean seamount. Zootaxa 3637(2): 101–112. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3637.2.1 Reference page.
Pillai, S.L., Maheswarudu, G., Thomas, J., Ragesh, L., Sreesanth, M., Jose, J. & Chakraborty, R.D. 2019. New record of Lysmatella prima Borradaile, 1915 (Crustacea, Caridea, Lysmatidae) from the Arabian Sea, Southwestern India. Zootaxa 4571(2): 281–284. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4571.2.10 Paywall Reference page.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Putzer- und Marmorgarnelen
English: Broken-back shrimps
日本語: モエビ科
中文: 藻虾科

Hippolytidae is a family of cleaner shrimp, also known as broken-back shrimp or anemone shrimp. The term "broken-back shrimp" also applies to the genus Hippolyte in particular and "cleaner shrimp" is sometimes applied exclusively to Lysmata amboinensis.

As of 2009, there were 36 genera in the family:[2]

Alcyonohippolyte Marin, Okuno & Chan, 2011
Alope White, 1847
Bathyhippolyte Hayashi & Miyake, 1970
Birulia Bražnikov, 1903
Calliasmata Holthuis, 1973
Caridion Goës, 1864
Chorismus Bate, 1888
Cryptocheles Sars, 1870
Eualus Thallwitz, 1892
Eumanningia Crosnier, 2000
Exhippolysmata Stebbing, 1915
Gelastocaris Kemp, 1914
Gelastreutes Bruce, 1990
Hippolyte Leach, 1814
Leontocaris Stebbing, 1905
Lysmata Risso, 1816
Merhippolyte Bate, 1888
Mimocaris Nobili, 1903
Nauticaris Bate, 1888
Paralatreutes Kemp, 1925
Paralebbeus Bruce & Chace, 1986
Phycocaris Kemp, 1916
Thinora Bruce, 1998
Thorella Bruce, 1982
Tozeuma Stimpson, 1860

Morphological and genetic studies have recovered the Hippolytidae as polyphyletic, prompting the recognition of Bythocariidae, Lysmatidae, Merguiidae, and Thoridae.[3][4] As of 2019, the following genera are included in Hippolytidae sensu stricto in the World Register of Marine Species:[5]

Alope White, 1847
Caridion Goës, 1864
Chorismus Spence Bate, 1888 1888
Eumanningia Crosnier, 2000
Gelastocaris Kemp, 1914
Gelastreutes Bruce, 1990
Hippolyte Leach, 1814
Latreutes Stimpson, 1860
Leontocaris Stebbing, 1905
Merhippolyte Spence Bate, 1888 1888
Nauticaris Spence Bate, 1888 1888
Paralatreutes Kemp, 1925
Phycocaris Kemp, 1916
Saron Thallwitz, 1891
Thorella Bruce, 1982
Tozeuma Stimpson, 1860
Trachycaris Calman, 1906


Spence Bate, C. (1888). Report on the Crustacea Macrura collected by the Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. ”Challenger” during the years 1873-76. 24: i-xc, 1-942, Plates 1-157.
Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-06.
Christoffersen, M.L., 1987. Phylogenetic relationships of hippolytid genera, with an assignment of new families for the Crangonoidea and Alpheoidea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea). Cladistics 3: 348-362.
De Grave, S, Li, C.P., Tsang L.M., Chu K.H., Chan T.-Y. (2014). Unweaving hippolytoid systematics (Crustacea, Decapoda, Hippolytidae): resurrection of several families. Zoologica Scripta, 43, 496–507.
"Hippolytidae Spence Bate, 1888". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. 2019. Retrieved 13 January 2019.


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