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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Heliconiinae
Tribus: Acraeini
Genus: Actinote
anacreon Species Group

Species: A. anacreon – A. calida – A. guichardi – A. issoria – A. kaduna – A. mirifica – A. rahira – A. wigginsi – A. zitja
mamita Species Group

Species: A. bonita – A. brylla – A. canutia – A. catarina – A. conspicua – A. dalmeidai – A. discrepans – A. eberti – A. furtadoi – A. genitrix – A. keithbrowni – A. kennethi – A. latior – A. mamita – A. melanisans – A. mielkei – A. mirnae – A. morio – A. pratensis – A. rhodope – A. rufina – A. zikani
neleus Species Group

Species: A. alcione – A. neleus – A. stratonice
ozomene Species Group

Species: A. anaxo – A. callianthe – A. dicaeus – A. eresia – A. griseata – A. hilaris – A. momina – A. negra – A. ozomene – A. tenebrosa – A. trinacria
thalia Species Group

Species: A. alalia – A. anteas – A. carycina – A. guatemalena – A. lapitha – A. melampeplos – A. parapheles – A. pellenea – A. quadra – A. surimaA. thalia
unknown Species Group

A. intensa – A. johncoulsoni –

Actinote Hübner, 1819

Calornis Billberg, 1820
Gnesia Doubleday, 1848
Hyalites Doubleday, 1848
Pareba Doubleday, 1848
Planema Doubleday, 1848
Aurora Henning, 1992
Alacria Henning, 1992


Francini, R.B., Freitas, A.V.L. & Penz, C.M. 2004. Two new species of Actinote (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) from Southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 719: 001–010. Abstract & excerpt. Open access. Reference page.
Freitas, A.V.L., Francini, R.B., Mielke, O.H.H., Rosa, A.H.B., Magaldi, L.M. & Silva-Brandão, K.L. 2020. A New and Rare Actinote Hübner (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae: Acraeini) from Southeastern Brazil. Neotropical Entomology 49: 696–703. DOI: 10.1007/s13744-020-00765-y. Open access. Reference page.
Henning, G.A. & Henning, S.F., 1996b: A review of the Hyalites (Auracraea) anacreon species complex in southern Africa with descriptions of two new species and two new subspecies. Metamorphosis 7 (2): 71–80.
Willmott, K.R., Freitas, A.V.L., Hall, J.P.W., Silva-Brandão, K.L. & Paluch, M. 2009. A new species of Actinote Hübner from the eastern Andes of Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 111(1): 47–56. PDF. Reference page.

Vernacular names
中文: 束珍蝶屬

Actinote is a genus of butterflies from South America of the subfamily Heliconiinae in the family Nymphalidae. For taxonomic problems regarding this group, see Acraea. Males interact with or without physical contact to contest the possession of mating sites. The winner in such interactions often has larger body size and is the individual that previously occupied the territory (the resident).[1]

Listed alphabetically within groups:[2][3]

anacreon species group:
Actinote anacreon
Actinote calida
Actinote guichardi
Actinote issoria
Actinote kaduna
Actinote mirifica
Actinote rahira
Actinote wigginsi
Actinote zitja
mamita species group:
Actinote bonita Penz, 1996
Actinote brylla Oberthür, 1917
Actinote canutia (Hopffer, 1874)
Actinote catarina Penz, 1996
Actinote conspicua Jordan, 1913
Actinote dalmeidai Francini, 1996
Actinote discrepans d'Almeida, 1958
Actinote eberti Francini, Freitas & Penz, 2004
Actinote furtadoi Paluch, Casagrande & Mielke, 2006
Actinote genitrix (d'Almeida, 1922)
Actinote kennethi Willmott & Hall, 2009
Actinote latior Jordan, 1913
Actinote mamita (Burmeister, 1861)
Actinote melanisans Oberthür, 1917
Actinote mielkei Paluch & Casagrande, 2006
Actinote mirnae Paluch & Mielke, 2006
Actinote morio Oberthür, 1917
Actinote pratensis Francini, Freitas & Penz, 2004
Actinote rhodope d'Almeida, 1923
Actinote rufina Oberthür, 1917
Actinote zikani d'Almeida, 1951
thallia species group:
Actinote alalia (C. & R. Felder, 1860)
Actinote anteas (Doubleday, 1847) – Doubleday's actinote
Actinote carycina Jordan, 1913
Actinote guatemalena (Bates, 1864) – Guatemalan actinote
Actinote lapitha (Staudinger, 1885) – pale actinote
Actinote melampeplos Godman & Salvin, 1881 – bow-winged actinote
Actinote pallescens Jordan, 1913
Actinote parapheles Jordan, 1913
Actinote pellenea Hübner, [1821]
Actinote pyrrha (Fabricius, 1775)
Actinote quadra (Schaus, 1902)
Actinote surima (Schaus, 1902)
Actinote thalia (Linnaeus, 1758)


Carvalho, M. R. M.; Peixoto, P. E. C.; Benson, W. W. (2016). "Territorial clashes in the Neotropical butterfly Actinote pellenea (Acraeinae): Do disputes differ when contests get physical?". Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 70: 199–207. doi:10.1007/s00265-015-2042-6. S2CID 18557347.
"Actinote Hübner, [1819]" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
Glassberg, Jeffrey. (2007). A Swift Guide to Butterflies of Mexico and Central America. Sunstreak Books Inc. p. 78.

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