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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Superfamilia: Curculionoidea

Familia: Curculionidae
Subfamilia: Baridinae
Tribus group "Baridinae": Ambatini - Anopsilini - Apostasimerini - Baridini - Madarini - Neosharpiini - Nertinini - Optatini - Pantotelini - Peridinetini - Incertae Sedis

Tribus group "Ceutorhynchinae": Ceutorhynchini - Cnemogonini - Egriini - Hypohypurini - Hypurini - Lioxyonychini - Mecysmoderini - Mononychini - Phytobiini - Scleropterini

Tribus group "Conoderinae": Campyloseclini - Conoderini - Coryssomerini - Coryssopodini - Lechriopini - Lobotrachelini - Mecopini - Menemachini - Othippiini - Peloropodini - Piazurini - Sphadasmini - Trichodocerini - Zygopini - Incertae Sedis

Genus group "Xiphaspidinae": Xiphaspis

Genus: group "Xiphaspidinae": Xiphaspis


Baridinae Schönherr, 1836

Conoderinae Schönherr, 1833
Orobitidinae C.G. Thomson, 1859


Anzaldo, S.S. 2017. Review of the genera of Conoderinae (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) from North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. ZooKeys 683: 51—138. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.683.12080. Reference page.
Davis, S.R. 2009: Morphology of Baridinae and related groups (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). ZooKeys, 10: 1–136. Abstract PDF
I.Löbl & A.Smetana (eds). 2011 Catalogue of Palearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 7: Curculionoidea I. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark. p. 251
ISBN 978-87-88757-84-2
I.Löbl & A.Smetana (eds). 2012 Catalogue of Palearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 8: Curculionoidea II. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark. p. 214
ISBN 978-90-04252-06-6
Prena, J., 2009: Floromadane, a new genus of baridine weevils associated with Rubiaceae in Costa Rica and Panama. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae<: Baridinae). Beiträge zur Entomologie 59 (1): 239–246.
Schönherr, C.J. 1836: Genera et species curculionidum, cum synonymia hujus familiae. Species novae aut hactenus minus cognitae, descriptionibus a Dom. Leonardo Gyllenhal, C. H. Boheman, et entomologis aliis illustratae. Vol.: 3. Part: 2. Roret; Fleischer. Paris; Leipzig: 506–858.
Subfamily Baridinae - atlas of weevils (Curculionidae) of Russia

Vernacular names
English: Flower Weevils
norsk: Glanssnutebiller
русский: Baridinae

Baridinae is a subfamily of true weevils (Curculionidae). It was established by Carl Johan Schönherr in 1836. Some 4,300 species in 550 genera are placed here, most of which occur in the New World.[1] A few are economically significant pests, while others are in turn used for biocontrol of invasive plant pests. This subfamily also contains a few endangered species.
Description and ecology
Acuthopeus cocciniae (Madarini) shows typical features of the Baridinae
Eremobaris picturata (Baridini)

Baridinae are typically small to mid-sized short-legged weevils, with a characteristic round or ball-like shape.[2] Usually colored black all over at least on the upperside, they are neither highly glossy or metallic, nor dull, but moderately shiny, like polished leather. Some have small dots or bands of lighter scales that can be rubbed off, in particular on the elytrae; yet again others are dusted with an irregular sprinkling of such scales. The elytrae are often decorated with neat lengthwise rows of small pits.

The pronotum is not highly arched and may be outright flattened; it has rounded corners and it is about as wide as the elytrae. The rostrum ("snout") is long, markedly curved, and directed more or less straight downwards. The antenna attach near the tip of the rostrum; they are bent in the center and have a knop at the tip, as in other true weevils. The proximal antenna segment is stick-shaped. There are 12 antennal segments.

These weevils feed on plants as larvae and imagines, mainly on the green parts. The larvae are often stem borers. Their foodplants can be found almost all over the Mesangiospermae; they are often of the cabbage family (Brassicaceae), e.g. cabbages (Brassica napus cultivars) and Rapeseed (B. oleracea). Another type of foodplant are mignonettes (Reseda), Resedaceae and thus close relatives of the Brassicaceae. Acuthopeus cocciniae is used for biocontrol of Ivory Gourd (Coccinia grandis), a Cucurbitaceae which belongs to a lineage of rosids well distant from the Brassicaceae. Some Baridinae are found on Helianthus (typical sunflowers) of the Asteraceae, which are asterid eudicots quite unrelated to the cabbage family. And Orchidophilus is particular to Epidendroideae orchids – especially Dendrobium and Phalaenopsis –, which are monocots and thus even more distant relatives of the usual Baridinae foodplants.

This subfamily includes the following tribes (some notable genera are also listed):[3]

Apostasimerini (includes former Madopterini)
Baridini Schönherr, 1839
Baris Germar, 1817
Eumycterus Schönherr, 1838
Orchidophilus Buchanan, 1935

Similar to the Molytinae, the Baridinae are sometimes circumscribed in a narrow sense like here, and sometimes more widely, with several otherwise independent weevil subfamilies being included as "tribus groups" in the Baridinae. These taxa included in the Baridinae sensu lato are the Ceutorhynchinae, Conoderinae, Orobitidinae and Xiphaspidinae.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baridinae.
Wikispecies has information related to Baridinae.

Morimoto, Katsura & Yoshihara, Kazumi. "On the Genera of the Oriental Baridinae (Coleoptera, Curculionidae)" (PDF). Esakia, (36): l-59. January 31, 1996. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-18.
Davis, Steven R. "Curculionidae)". University of Kansas, 2008. 464 pages.

Bouchard, P.; Bousquet, Y.; Davies, A.; Alonso-Zarazaga, M.; Lawrence, J.; Lyal, C.; Newton, A.; Reid, C.; Schmitt, M.; Ślipiński, A.; Smith, A. (2011). "Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta)". ZooKeys (88): 1–972. doi:10.3897/zookeys.88.807. PMC 3088472. PMID 21594053.

This article draws heavily on the corresponding article in the Bokmål Wikipedia, accessed in the version of 18 September 2008.

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