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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Lycaenidae
Subfamilia: Aphnaeinae
Genus: Cigaritis
Species:

(Afro-Asian)

C. abri – C. acamas – C. allardi – C. apelles – C. apuleia – C. avriko – C. baghirmii – C. bergeri – C. brunnea – C. cilissa – C. collinsi – C. costalis – C. crustaria – C. cynica – C. dhofarina – C. ducarmei – C. dufranei – C. ella – C. epargyros – C. gardineri – C. hassoni – C. homeyeri – C. iza – C. larseni – C. maxima – C. menelas – C. modestus – C. montana – C. mozambica – C. myrmecophila – C. nairobiensis – C. namaquus – C. natalensis – C. nilus – C. noellae – C. nyassae – C. overlaeti – C. phanes – C. piersoni – C. pinheyi – C. scotti – C. shaba – C. siphax – C. somalina – C. stewarti – C. tanganyikae – C. tavetensis – C. trimeni – C. victoriae – C. zohra

(Oriental)

C. abnormis – C. elima – C. elwesi – C. evansii – C. gigas – C. ictis – C. kutu – C. kuyaniana – C. learmondi – C. leechi – C. lilacinus – C. lohita – C. masaeae – C. maximus – C. miyamotoi – C. negrita – C. nipalicus – C. nubilus – C. rukma – C. rukmini – C. schistacea – C. seliga – C. syama – C. takanonis – C. vixinga – C. vulcanus – C. zhengweilie
Name

Cigaritis Donzel, 1847.

Type species: Cigaritis zohra Donzel, 1847, by selection of Scudder, 1875: 142.
Synonymy

Cigaritis Donzel, 1847: 528.
Zerythis Lucas, 1849: pl. Lép 1. Type species: Zerythis syphax Lucas, 1849 [sic], by monotypy.
Spindasis Wallengren, 1857: 45. Type species: Spindasis masilikazi Wallengren, 1857, by monotypy. Synonymy in Heath et al., 2002: vii, 90.
Spindasis Wallengren, 1858: 81. Repetition.
Apharitis Riley, 1925: 70, 78. Type species: Polyommatus epargyros Eversmann, 1854, by original designation. Synonymy in Hesselbarth et al., 1995.

Long-branded Silverline (Spindasis lohita) at Jayanti, Duars, West Bengal W IMG 5562

Cigaritis lohita

References

Bouyer, T. 1991. Note sur les Spindasis du Zaïre avec description de deux nouvelles espèces: Spindasis shaba n.sp. et Spindasis dufranei n.sp. Etude sur les Lycaenidae: note n°1. (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Lambillionea 91(3): 219–224. ResearchGate Reference page.
Bouyer, T. 2011. Description d'une nouvelle espèce africaine de Cigaritis Donzel, 1847 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Entomologia Africana 16(1): 35–38. Reference page.
Bouyer, T. 2012. Description d'une nouvelle espèce africaine de Cigaritis Donzel, 1847 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Entomologia Africana 17(1): 2–4. Reference page.
Bouyer, T. 2017d: Descriptions de nouvelles espèces africaines de Cigaritis Donzel, 1847 et note synonymique (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) Etude sur les Lycaenidae : note n° 20. Entomologia africana 22(1): 2–10. Reference page.
Bouyer, T. 2021b. Description de deux nouvelles espèces de Cigaritis Donzel, 1847 du Kenya (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Etude sur les Lycaenidae : note n° 22. Entomologia Africana 26(2): 33-38. Reference page.
Collins, S.C., Congdon, T.C.E., Henning, G.A., Larsen, T.B. & Williams, M.C. 2014. A review of d’Abrera’s Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region – Part III (second edition), 2009 – Part 3 (Theclinae, Polyommatinae and Riodinidae). Metamorphosis 25(2): 109–122. PDF. Reference page.
Donzel, H. 1847. Description de Lépidoptères nouveaux. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (2)5: 525–530. BHL. Reference page.
Eliot, J.N. 1973. The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative arrangement. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), entomology 28(6): 371-505. Reference page.
Heath, A., Newport, M.A., & Hancock, D. 2002. The butterflies of Zambia. African Butterfly Research Institute and The Lepidopterists’ Society of Africa. i–xvii, 1–137. Reference page.
Hemming, A. F., 1967. The generic names of the butterflies and their type species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 1967, Suppl. 9: 1-509.Reference page.
Hesselbarth, G., van Oorschot, H. & Wagener, S. 1995. Die Tagfalter der Türkei unter Berücksichtigung der angrenzenden Länder. Allgemeiner Teil, spezieller Teil. Band 1. Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Lycaenidae. Selbstverlag Sigbert Wagener, Hemdener Weg 19, D 46399 Bocholt, Germany: 1–754. Reference page.
Hsu, Y.F. & Liang, J.Y. 2020. On systematic status of Spindasis syama Horsfield, [1829] in Taiwan and the Philippines (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Aphnaeini). Zootaxa 4763(4): 485-500–2. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4763.4.{{{6}}}. {{Paywall. Reference page.
Lucas, H., 1849. Exploration Scientifique de l’Algerie pendant les Annees 1840, 1841, 1842. Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articules (3) Insectes [v], 1-527. Paris. BHL text. Reference page.
Riley, N.D. 1925. The Species Usually Referred to the Genus: Cigaritis Boisd. [Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae]. Novitates Zoologicae 32: 70–95, 13 figs. BHL. Reference page.
Scudder, S.H. 1875. Historical sketch of the generic names proposed for butterflies. Proc. amer. Soc. Arts Sci. Boston 10: 91–293. BHL Reference page.
Seizmair, M. 2017a. Wiederfunde einiger bemerkenswerter Lycaeniden- und Hesperiiden-Arten auf der Arabischen Halbinsel mit der Neubeschreibung von Cigaritis dhofarina spec.nov. (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae et Hesperiidae). Atalanta 48: 254-260. Reference page.
Tshikolovets, V.V., 2011. Butterflies of Europe & the Mediterranean Area Tshikolovets Publications, Pardubice, Czech Republic. ISBN 9788090490000. Reference page.
Wallengren, H.D.J. 1857. Lepidoptera Rhopalocera in Terra Caffrorum a J.A. Wahlberg. Oversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akadeniens Forhandlingar. Stockholm annis 1838-1845. Collecta (n.s.) 2 (4): 55 pp. BHL Reference page.
Wallengren, H.D.J. 1858. Nova Genera Lepidopterorum. Översigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Forhandlingar 15: 75–84. Archive. Reference page.
Weidenhoffer, Z. & Bozano, G. C., 2007. Guide to the Butterflies of the Palaearctic Region Part III, Lycaendiae. Reference page.

Links

Williams, M.C. 2008. Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea. 7th Edn. (April 2007). Cigaritis Afrotropical Butterflies. Reference page.
Savela, M., Funet, Lepidoptera: Cigaritis.

Cigaritis is a genus of butterflies in the family Lycaenidae. Its species are found in the Afrotropical realm, the Indomalayan realm and adjacent regions of Asia.

Cigaritis includes species that used to be placed in two other genera: Apharitis Riley, 1925 and Spindasis Wallengren, 1857. The latter were synonymised with Cigaritis by Heath et al., 2002,[1] and this synonymy is followed in recent works.[2]
Species

Listed alphabetically:[3]

Cigaritis abnormis (Moore, [1884])
Cigaritis acamas (Klug, 1834)
Cigaritis allardi Oberthür, 1909
Cigaritis apelles (Oberthür, 1878)
Cigaritis apuleia (Hulstaert, 1924)
Cigaritis arooni (Murayama & Kimura, 1990) northern Thailand
Cigaritis avriko (Karsch, 1893)
Cigaritis baghirmii (Stempffer, 1946)
Cigaritis bergeri (Bouyer, 2003) DRC, Katanga, Sandoa
Cigaritis brunnea (Jackson, 1966)
Cigaritis buchanani (Rothschild, 1921)
Cigaritis cilissa Lederer, 1861
Cigaritis collinsi (Kielland, 1980)
Cigaritis crustaria (Holland, 1890)
Cigaritis cynica (Riley, 1921)
Cigaritis dufranei (Bouyer, 1991)
Cigaritis elima (Moore, 1877) India and Ceylon
Cigaritis ella (Hewitson, 1865)
Cigaritis elwesi Evans, [1925] northwestern India
Cigaritis epargyros (Eversmann, 1854) Arabia, Afghanistan and northern China
Cigaritis evansii (Tytler, 1915) Assam
Cigaritis gilletti (Riley, 1925)
Cigaritis greeni (Heron, 1896) Ceylon
Cigaritis hassoni (Bouyer, 2003)
Cigaritis homeyeri (Dewitz, 1886)
Cigaritis ictis (Hewitson, 1865) Ceylon and India
Cigaritis iza (Hewitson, 1865)
Cigaritis junodi (D'Abrera, 1980) Transvaal
Cigaritis kutu (Corbet, 1940) Malaysia
Cigaritis learmondi (Tytler, 1940) Burma and Thailand
Cigaritis leechi (Swinhoe, 1912) western China
Cigaritis lilacinus (Moore, 1884) Burma
Cigaritis lohita (Horsfield, [1829])
Cigaritis lunulifera (Moore, 1879) India
Cigaritis lutosus (Plötz, 1880) Ashanti region, southeastern Ghana
Cigaritis maxima Staudinger, 1901
Cigaritis maximus (Elwes, [1893]) Burma, Thailand and Laos
Cigaritis menelas (Druce, 1907)
Cigaritis mishmisensis (South, 1913) Mishimi Hills (northeastern India)
Cigaritis modestus (Trimen, 1891)
Cigaritis montana (Joicey & Talbot, 1924)
Cigaritis mozambica (Bertolini, 1850)
Cigaritis myrmecophila Dumont, 1922
Cigaritis nairobiensis (Sharpe, 1904)
Cigaritis namaquus (Trimen, 1874)
Cigaritis natalensis (Westwood, 1851)
Cigaritis nilus (Hewitson, 1865)
Cigaritis nipalicus (Moore, 1884) western India and Nepal
Cigaritis nubilus (Moore, [1887]) Ceylon
Cigaritis nyassae (Butler, 1884)
Cigaritis overlaeti (Bouyer, 1998)
Cigaritis phanes (Trimen, 1873)
Cigaritis pinheyi (Heath, 1983)
Cigaritis rukma (de Nicéville, [1889]) Sikkim and Bhutan
Cigaritis rukmini (de Nicéville, [1889]) Sikkim and Assam
Cigaritis schistacea (Moore, [1881]) India and Ceylon
Cigaritis scotti (Gabriel, 1954)
Cigaritis seliga (Fruhstorfer, 1912) Malaysia, southern Burma, Thailand and Borneo
Cigaritis shaba (Bouyer, 1991)
Cigaritis siphax (Lucas, 1849) Algeria and Tunisia
Cigaritis somalina (Butler, [1886])
Cigaritis syama (Horsfield, [1829]) central and western China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Indochina, Thailand, Sumatra, Singapore, Java, Borneo and Philippines
Cigaritis takanonis (Matsumura, 1906) Japan
Cigaritis tanganyikae (Kielland, 1990)
Cigaritis tavetensis (Lathy, 1906)
Cigaritis trifurcata (Moore, 1882) northwestern, central and eastern India
Cigaritis trimeni (Neave, 1910)
Cigaritis victoriae (Butler, 1884)
Cigaritis vixinga (Hewitson, 1875) Thailand, Borneo and Sumatra
Cigaritis vulcanus (Fabricius, 1775)
Cigaritis zhengweille (Huang, 1998) Yunnan (China)
Cigaritis zohra Donzel, 1847 Morocco and Algeria

Status unclear:

Cigaritis kuyaniana (Matsumura, 1919)

References

Heath, A., Newport, M.A., & Hancock, D., 2002. The butterflies of Zambia. African Butterfly Research Institute and The Lepidopterists’ Society of Africa. i-xvii, 1-137.
Boyle, J.H., Kaliszewska, Z.A., Espeland, M., Suderman, T.R., Fleming, J., Heath, A., & Pierce, N.E., 2015. Phylogeny of the Aphnaeinae: myrmecophilous African butterflies with carnivorous and herbivorous life histories. Systematic entomology 40(1): 169–182.
Savela, Markku. "Cigaritis Donzel, 1847". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved January 22, 2020.

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