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Dolycoris baccarum

Dolycoris baccarum , Germasogeia, Cyprus, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Paraneoptera
Superordo: Condylognatha
Ordo: Hemiptera
Subordo: Heteroptera
Infraordo: Pentatomomorpha
Superfamilia: Pentatomoidea

Familia: Pentatomidae
Subfamilia: Pentatominae
Tribus: Carpocorini
Genus: Dolycoris
Species: Dolycoris baccarum

Dolycoris baccarum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Basionym: Cimex baccarum Linnaeus, 1758

Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio Decima, Reformata. Tomus I. Holmiæ (Stockholm): impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. 824 pp. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542 BHL p. 445 BHL Reference page.


Dolycoris baccarum Taxon details on Fauna Europaea
ZooBank: 24899D9F-39C1-45B8-B8BC-583A99D94446

Vernacular names
dansk: Almindelig bærtæge
Deutsch: Beerenwanze
eesti: Marjalutikas
suomi: Marjalude
日本語: ブチヒゲカメムシ
lietuvių: Uoginė skydblakė
latviešu: Ogu vairogblakts
Nederlands: Bessenwants
polski: Plusknia jagodziak
русский: Щитник ягодный
svenska: Hårig bärfis

Dolycoris baccarum, the sloe bug or hairy shieldbug,[1] is a species of shield bug in the family Pentatomidae.[2]

Distribution and habitat

This species is widespread in most of Europe and Central Asia.[3][4] These shield bugs mainly inhabit hedgerows and woodland edges, fields, forests, parks and gardens.[4][5]

Dolycoris baccarum can reach a length of about 10–12.5 millimetres (0.39–0.49 in).[5][6] The basic color of pronotum and elytra is quite variable, but usually it is reddish purple, while scutellum is ocher. During the winter the basic color is dull brown. The whole body is quite hairy. The antennae are made by 4-5 black and white sections and the margins of the abdomen (connexivum) are alternately mottled with whitish and black.[4][5] The male and female are very similar. A related species encountered in Europe is Dolycoris numidicus.

It is univoltine in the northern part of the range and bivoltine in the warmer southern areas.[7] Adults of these shield bugs can be found all year around, as they overwinter. They emerge in the following spring, when they mate and females lay eggs. By the end of summer the new generation of adults appear. Nymphs feed on many plants, especially Rosaceae and Asteraceae species, Linaria vulgaris and Lamium album.[5][6] Adults can be found frequently on shrubs feeding on berries, especially Honeysuckle and Raspberries.[4] Despite the common name sloe bug, neither the larvae nor the adults feed on Sloe (Prunus spinosa).


Dolycoris baccarum Hairy Shieldbug, British Bugs
Fauna europaea
Garden Safari
British Bugs
"Commanster". Archived from the original on 2019-05-27. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
Panizzi, Antônio R.; McPherson, J.E.; James, David G.; Javahery, M.; McPherson, Robert M. (2000). "Stink Bugs (Pentatomidae)". In Schaeffer, Carl W.; Panizzi, Antônio R. (eds.). Heteroptera Economic Importance. CRC Press. pp. 421–474. ISBN 0-8493-0695-7.

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