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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Pieridae
Subfamilia: Coliadinae
Genus: Gonepteryx
Species: G. amintha – G. aspasia – G. cleobule – G. cleopatra – G. eversi – G. farinosa – G. maderensis – G. mahaguru – G. maxima – G. palmae – G. rhamni

Gonepteryx Leach, 1815

Type species: Papilio rhamni Linnaeus, 1758 by monotypy.

Freina, de J.J. 1989. Gonepteryx rhamni (Linnaeus, 1758) in Kleinasien. Bemerkungen zur Bionomie und geographischen Variabilität mit Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart (Lep., Pieridae). Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 79: 111–117. PDF.
Brunton, C.F.A. & Hurst, G.D.D. 1998. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of Brimstone butterflies (genus Gonepteryx) from the Canary Islands and Madeira. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 63(1): 69–79. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.1998.tb01639.x.

Vernacular names
English: Brimstones
Frysk: Gieltsjes
Gaeilge: Buíóg ruibheach
日本語: ヤマキチョウ属
русский: Лимонницы
українська: Лимонниця
中文: 钩粉蝶属

Gonepteryx is a genus of butterflies in the family Pieridae. They live in Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa. They are commonly known as brimstones for the bright yellow colour of the wings of most species. These share the same name as the much larger tropical genus Anteos. These inhabit much of central and South America and also North America. This species are known for being the kings of butterfly longevity. 10-13 months is the lifespan for many temperate species. Anteos, however, is much shorter lived. The adults will often mimic Ivy leaves at rest.

It contains the following species:[1]

Gonepteryx acuminata (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
Gonepteryx aspasia (Ménétriès, 1859)
Gonepteryx amintha (Blanchard, 1871)
Gonepteryx burmensis (Tytler 1926)
Gonepteryx chitralensis (Moore, 1905)
Gonepteryx cleobule (Hübner, 1824) – Canary brimstone
Gonepteryx cleopatra (Linnaeus, 1767) – Cleopatra
Gonepteryx eversi (Rehnelt, 1974
Gonepteryx farinosa (Zeller, 1847) – powdered brimstone
Gonepteryx maderensis (Felder, 1862) – Madeira brimstone
Gonepteryx mahaguru (Gistel, 1857) – lesser brimstone
Gonepteryx maxima (Butler, 1885)
Gonepteryx nepalensis (Doubleday, 1847)
Gonepteryx palmae (Stamm 1963) – La Palma brimstone
Gonepteryx rhamni (Linnaeus, 1758) – common brimstone
Gonepteryx taiwana (Paravicini 1913)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gonepteryx.


Gonepteryx, Tree of Life
Gonepteryx, Encyclopedia of Life

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