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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Lycaenidae
Subfamilia: Theclinae
Tribus: Horagini
Genus: Horaga
Species: H. albimacula – H. amethysta – H. anytus – H. araotina – H. bilineata – H. chalcedonyx – H. elizabethae – H. lefebvrei – H. onyx – H. pseudosyrinx – H. rarasana – H. selina – H. sohmai – H. syrinx – H. takanamii

Horaga Moore, [1881]. Gender feminine.

Type Species: Thecla onyx Moore, [1858], by original designation.

Cowan C. F., 1966. Indo-oriental Horagini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent) 18(4): 105–141, 3 pls. BHL Reference page.
Eliot, J. N. 1992. With plates by D'Abrera, in Corbet & Pendlebury. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula 4th Edn. Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur. Reference page.
Hayashi, H. 1981. New Lycaenid butterflies from the Philippines. Tyô to Ga 32(1,2): 63–82. DOI: 10.18984/lepid.32.1-2_63 Reference page.
Moore, F., [1858]. in Moore, F. & Horsfield, T. Catalogue of the lepidopterous insects in the Museum of the Honourable East India Company 1 i-v, 1-14, 17-278, i-iv, 1-11; pls 1-12, 1a-6a. London. Vol.1 plates. Reference page.
Moore, F. 1881-83. The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Vols. 1, 190pp, pls 1–71. 2, 162pp, pls 72–143. L. Reeve & Co., London. Reference page.
Murayama, S. & Okamura, H., 1973. Butterflies of Luzon island in the Philippines, with descriptions of new species and sub-species. Tyô to Ga 24(1): 10-25., 48 figs. Reference page.
Osada, S., 2001. A new species of Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera), Horaga sohmai, from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Transactions of the Lepidopterical Society of Japan 52(3), 183-186. Reference page.
Saito, K. & Seki, Y., [2004]. Four new taxa of Lycaenidae from South East Asia (Lepidoptera). Butterflies (Teinopalpus) 38: 44-47. Reference page.
Schröder, H.G. & Treadaway, C. G. 1990. Zur Kenntnis philippinischer Lycaenidae, 7. (Lepidoptera). Entomologische Zeitschrift 100(21): 404–407, ill. Reference page.
Yago, M., 2004. A new species of Horaga Moore (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Lycaeninae, Theclini) with a key to the species of the sub-tribe Horagina. Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan. 55(1): 13-25, PDF. Reference page.
Yutaka, I. & Saito, K., A Checklist of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from Thailand, Laos & Vietnam.

Horaga is a genus of butterflies in the family Lycaenidae which John Nevill Eliot, 1973,[1] places in the tribe Horagini of the subfamily Theclinae. The wings are blue, purple or brown above, with broad black costal and distal margins and usually a white discal spot on the forewing. The female is dingier than the male. The underside is ochreous, or ochreous brown, with a dark postdiscal line on both wings outwardly edged with white, this edging forming a broad white band not continued much above vein 6, on the forewing, but narrower and outwardly diffuse on the hindwing. The hindwing bears filamentous tails at veins 1b, 1 and 3 and, beneath. The pattern of H. araotina is aberrant.[2]


The genus occurs in Asia, where it is distributed from Sri Lanka to Taiwan, and through the Malay Archipelago to New Guinea.

Horaga araotina
Horaga onyx
Horaga syrinx
Horaga albimacula
Horaga chalcedonyx
Horaga amethystus
Horaga selina
Horaga moulmeina
Horaga viola

Cited references

Eliot, J. N. 1973. The Higher Classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): A Tentative Arrangement Bull. BMNH 28/6.
Eliot, J. N. (Editor) in Corbet A.S. and Pendlebury H.M. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula 4th Edition 1991.

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