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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Paraneoptera
Superordo: Condylognatha
Ordo: Hemiptera
Subordo: Heteroptera
Infraordo: Cimicomorpha
Superfamilia: Cimicoidea

Familia: Nabidae
Subfamiliae (2): Nabinae - Prostemmatinae
Name

Nabidae Costa, 1853

References

Cornelis, M.; Coscarón, M.C. 2013: The Nabidae (Insecta, Hemiptera, Heteroptera) of Argentina. ZooKeys, 333: 1–30. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.333.5084 Reference page.
Coscarón, M. d. C.; Volpi, L.N. 2013: Nomenclatural and bibliographic corrections to the Catalog of Nabidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) for the Neotropical Region. Zootaxa 3646(1): 93–96. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3646.1.9 Reference page.
Ghahari, H.; Linnavuori, R.E.; Moulet, P.; Ostovan, H. 2010: An annotated catalogue of the Iranian Nabidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 50: 33–44. ISSN: 0374-1036 Abstract
Kerzhner, I.M., 1993: New and little-known Nabidae from North America (Heteroptera). Zoosystematica Rossica 1(0): 37–45.
Novoselsky, T. et al. 2014: The Nabidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) of Israel and the Sinai Peninsula. Zootaxa 3827(4): 471–492. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3827.4.3 Reference page.
Polhemus, D.A. 2010: Eight new species of micropterous Nabidae (Heteroptera) from the Society Islands, French Polynesia, with consideration of hotspot island speciation patterns. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 153 (1): 53–78.
Volpi, L.N.; del Carmen Coscarón, M. 2010: Catalog of Nabidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) for the Neotropical Region. Zootaxa, 2513: 50–68. Preview
Nabidae Costa, 1853 – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Nabidae – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
Nabidae Taxon details on Fauna Europaea


Vernacular names
English: Damsel Bugs
suomi: Naskaliluteet
日本語: マキバサシガメ科
Türkçe: Hanım böceğigiller
中文: 姬蝽科

The insect family Nabidae contains the damsel bugs. There are over 500 species in 20 genera.[1] They are soft-bodied, elongate, winged terrestrial predators. Many damsel bugs catch and hold prey with their forelegs, similar to mantids. They are considered helpful species in agriculture because of their predation on many types of crop pests.[2]

Damsel bugs of the genus Nabis are the most common. They and other genera are most numerous in fields of legumes such as alfalfa, but they can be found in many other crops and in non-cultivated areas. They are yellow to tan in color and have large, bulbous eyes and stiltlike legs. They are generalist predators, catching almost any insect smaller than themselves, and cannibalizing each other when no other food is available. Several species have bitten humans.[3] Members of the subfamily Prostemmatinae reproduce by traumatic insemination.[4]

Genera

These 23 genera belong to the family Nabidae:

Alloeorhynchus Fieber, 1860 i c g b
Alloeorrhynchus c g
Anaptus Kerzhner, 1968 i c g
Arachnocoris Scott, 1881 g
Arbela Stål, 1865 g
Carthasis Champion, 1900 i c g b
Gorpis Stål, 1859 g
Himacerus Wolff, 1811 i c g b
Hoplistoscelis Reuter, 1890 i c g b
Karanabis Bekker-Migdisova, 1963 g
Lasiomerus Reuter, 1890 i c g b
Metatropiphorus Reuter, 1872 i c g b
Nabicula Kirby, 1837 i c g
Nabis Latreille, 1802 i c g b
Omanonabis Asquith and Lattin, 1991 i c g
Pagasa Stål, 1862 i c g b
Phorticus Stål, 1860 i c g b
Praecarthasis Kerzhner, 1986 g
Prostemma Laporte, 1832 g
Reduviolus Kirby, 1837 g
Rhamphocoris Kirkaldy, 1901 g
Stalia
Stenonabis Reuter, 1890 g

Data sources: i = ITIS,[5] c = Catalogue of Life,[6] g = GBIF,[7] b = Bugguide.net[8]
Evolutionary history

Several fossil genera have been attributed to the family, including Karanabis from the Upper Jurassic Karabastau Formation of Kazakhstan, but it has subsequently been assigned to other families. The earliest definitive record of the family is Cretanazgul from the Cenomanian aged Burmese amber of Myanmar, belonging to the subfamily Prostemmatinae.[4]
References

Faúndez, E. I. & M. A. Carvajal. 2014. Contribution to the knowledgment of the Nabis punctipennis Blanchard, 1852 complex (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Nabidae) in Chile. Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia, 42(1): 63-69
Braman, S. K. 2000. Damsel bugs (Nabidae). Pp. 639–656. In: Schaefer C. W. & Panizzi A. R. (eds.): Heteroptera of Economic Importance. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Faúndez, E. I. & M. A. Carvajal. 2011. A human case of bitting by Nabis punctipennis (Hemíptera: Heteroptera: Nabidae) in Chile. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 51(2): 407-409.
Garrouste, Romain; Schubnel, Thomas; Huang, Diying; Azar, Dany; Cai, Chenyang; Nel, André (April 2020). "Sexual conflict during Mesozoic: The first Cretaceous damsel bug in Burmese amber (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Nabidae)". Cretaceous Research. 108: 104344. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2019.104344.
"Nabidae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
"Browse Nabidae". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
"Nabidae". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
"Nabidae Family Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-04-30.

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