Fine Art

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Hymenopterida
Ordo: Hymenoptera
Subordo: Apocrita
Superfamilia: Formicoidea

Familia: Formicidae
Subfamilia: Proceratiinae
Tribus (2): Proceratiini - Probolomyrmecini
Overview of genera (4)

Discothyrea – Probolomyrmex – Proceratium – †Bradoponera

Proceratiinae Emery, 1895


Yoshimura, M.; Fisher, B.L. 2009: A revision of male ants of the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): key to genera of the subfamily Proceratiinae. Zootaxa, 2216: 1–21. Abstract & excerpt PDF

Vernacular names
日本語: カギバラアリ亜科

Proceratiinae is a subfamily of ants in the poneromorph subfamilies group, with three extant genera, of which most are tropical or subtropical, although overall distribution is worldwide.[2]


The ants are relatively small to medium in size,[3] with colonies generally containing less than 100 individuals.[4] They are similar to Ponerinae, except the promesonotal suture is fused and the frontal lobes are elevated (rather than transverse) and frequently reduced. In addition, the antennal sockets are exposed in a full-face (frontal) view of the head, and in most species, abdominal tergite 4 is much enlarged and vaulted, with abdominal sternite 4 being correspondingly reduced in size.[5]

The subfamily was created in 2003 when Barry Bolton divided the Ponerinae subfamily into six subfamilies.[2][3] Proceratiinae is further divided into the tribes Proceratiini and Probolomyrmecini,[6] and contains three extant genera and one extinct genus.

Proceratiinae Emery, 1895
Proceratiini Emery, 1895
Discothyrea Roger, 1863
Proceratium Roger, 1863
†Bradoponera Mayr, 1868
Probolomyrmecini Perrault, 2000
Probolomyrmex Mayr, 1901


Bolton, B. (2014). "Proceratiinae". AntCat. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
Fisher, Brian L.; Cover, Stefan P. (2007). Ants of North America: A Guide to the Genera. University of California Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-520-93455-9.
Sosa-Calvo 2007, p. 85
Sosa-Calvo 2007, p. 87
"Subfamily: Proceratiinae". AntWeb. Retrieved 12 August 2013.

Sosa-Calvo 2007, p. 84

Sosa-Calvo, Jeffrey (2007). Studies in Neotropical Ant Diversity. ISBN 978-0-549-26277-0.
This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: "Subfamily: Proceratiinae". AntWeb. Retrieved 12 August 2013. Please check the source for the exact licensing terms.

Insects, Fine Art Prints

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World