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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Hymenopterida
Ordo: Hymenoptera
Subordo: Apocrita
Superfamilia: Vespoidea

Familia: Vespidae
Subfamilia: Vespinae
Genus: Provespa
Species (3): P. anomala – P. barthelemyi – P. nocturna

[Source: Catalogue of Life: 2013 Annual Checklist]

Check (1): †P. nobilis

Provespa Ashmead, 1903

Archer, M.E. 2000. Taxonomy and distribution of the nocturnal hornets, Provespa (Hym., Vespinae). Entomologist's monthly magazine 136: 127–130. Full article (PDF available). Reference page.
Kojima, J. & van Achterberg, C. 1997. List of the primary types of social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) deposit in the Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum, Leiden, and the Zoölogisch Museum, Amsterdam. Zoologische Meededelingen 71(14): 157–169. Full article.
Madl, M. 2012. Notes on the genus Provespa Ashmead, 1903 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Vespinae) based on the material of the Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (Austria). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien (B) 114: 27–35. [not seen]
Saito, F. & Kojima, J.-I. 2011. Phylogenetic analysis and biogeography of the nocturnal hornets, Provespa (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Vespinae). Species diversity 16 (1–2): 65–74. Abstract only seen (PDF).

Provespa is a small genus of Vespidae, made up of nocturnal wasps from Southeast Asia, sometimes referred to as "night wasps" or "night hornets",[3] though they are not true hornets (genus Vespa). They are the only nocturnal members of the subfamily Vespinae, and also the only vespines where new colonies are formed by swarming (one queen attended by a large number of workers, similar to honey bees).[4] They tend to build their nests from fibrous plant material, making them a uniform greyish brown colour which is often difficult to locate.

Provespa anomala (Saussure, 1854)
Provespa barthelemyi (Buysson, 1905)
Provespa nocturna Vecht, 1935


Madl, M (2012). "Notes on the genus Provespa Ashmead, 1903 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Vespinae) based on the material of the Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (Austria)" (PDF). Annals Naturhistorisches Museum Wien. 114: 27–35. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
James M. Carpenter & Jun-ichi Kojima (1997). "Checklist of the species in the subfamily Vespinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae)" (PDF). Natural History Bulletin of Ibaraki University. 1: 51–92.
"Untitled Document".
Matsuura, M. (1999) Size and composition of swarming colonies in Provespa anomala (Hymenoptera, Vespidae), a nocturnal social wasp. Insectes Sociaux Volume 46,pp 219-223.

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