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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Superclassis: Multicrustacea
Classis: Malacostraca
Subclassis: Eumalacostraca
Superordo: Eucarida
Ordo: Decapoda
Subordo: Pleocyemata
Infraordo: Caridea
Superfamilia: Alpheoidea

Familia: Ogyrididae
Genera (1): Ogyrides
Vernacular names
中文: 长眼虾科

Ogrydes'' is a genus of decapod crustaceans consisting of 13 species.[1] It is the only genus n the monotypic family Ogyrididae.

Eyes are elongate, reaching nearly to distal end of antennular peduncle. Their first pair of pereiopods is robust and similar in size to the second pair; distinctly chelate. The second pair of pereiopods is divided into four articles. The first maxilliped has an exopod far removed from the endite. But the second maxilliped has segments arranged in usual serial manner; bearing exopod; endopod 4-segmented. Mandible usually with incisor and molar processes and palp. Second maxilla with palp; endite well developed.[2]

During early years the majority of their diet is composed of sea plankton, sea plants and sea weed. A grown long-eyed shrimp would eat small worms and microscopic organisms. From time to time they might consume dead fish or crabs and occasionally they would turn and eat their own.[3]

This genus contains 11 species distributed along tropical and subtropical coasts around the world. Most of the species in this genome have been found of Australia and Mexico coasts. In this areas the shrimps have the optimal conditions and temperature to survive.[4] One species Orgrydes mjoebergi has colonised the eastern Mediterranean from the Red Sea via the Suez Canal, a process known as Lessepsian migration.[5]

These long eye-stalked shrimps exhibit complex behaviors like eusociality. Newly molted individuals have displayed a shift of their entire body forwards, with the cephalothorax angled downwards with respect to the pleon and both chelipeds extended forwards and towards each other; body jerked rapidly backwards with pleon curled and walking pereiopods extended; cephalothorax angled upwards, while the chelipeds were spread apart and moved backwards; and continuous undulations of pleopods. Is important to note that this only happened in individuals that were in their burrows and in the presence of light.[6]

The genus Ogrydes was named by the English zoologist Thomas Roscoe Rede Stebbing in 1914. The following species are currently recognised:[7]

Ogyrides alphaerostris (Kingsley, 1880)
Ogyrides delli Yaldwyn, 1971
Ogyrides hayi Williams, 1981
Ogyrides mjoebergi (Balss, 1921)
Ogyrides occidentalis (Ortmann, 1893)
Ogyrides orientalis (Stimpson, 1860)
Ogyrides rarispina Holthuis, 1951
Ogyrides saldanhae Barnard, 1947
Ogyrides sibogae de Man, 1910
Ogyrides sindibadi De Grave, Al-Kandari & Anker, 2020
Ogyrides striaticauda Kemp, 1915
Ogyrides tarazonai Wicksten & Méndez G., 1988
Ogyrides wickstenae Ayón-Parente & Salgado-Barragán, 2013


Grave S. De; Pentcheff N. D.; Ahyong S. T.; Chan T. Y.; Crandall K. A.; Dworschak P. C.; Felder D. L.; Feldmann R. M.; Fransen C. H. J. M.; Goulding L. Y. D.; Lemaitre R.; Low M. E. Y.; Martin J. W.; Ng P. K. L.; Schweitzer C. E.; Tan S. H.; Tshudy D.; Wetzer R. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 21 (suppl.): 1–109.
Williams, A. B. (1972). "A Ten-Year Study of Meroplankton in North Carolina Estuaries: Mysid Shrimps". Chesapeake Science. 13 (4): 254. doi:10.2307/1351109. JSTOR 1351109.
"What Do Shrimps Eat?". Retrieved 2014-12-16.
M, Ayón-Parente; J, Salgado-Barragán (2013). "A new species of the caridean shrimp genus Ogyrides Stebbing, 1914 (Decapoda: Ogyrididae) from the eastern tropical Pacific". Zootaxa. 3683: 589–94. PMID 25250472.
Tahir Özcan; Tuncer Katağan; A. Suat Ates (2014). "A new record of the Lessepsian shrimp, Ogyrides mjoebergi (Balss, 1921) (Decapoda, Ogyrididae) from the Levantine coast of Turkey". Crustaceana. 81 (6): 755–758. doi:10.1163/156854008784513500.
C. Fransen; S. De Grave; M. Türkay (2011). "Ogyrides Stebbing, 1914". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 12 March 2017.


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