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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Cladus: Macroheterocera
Superfamilia: Noctuoidea

Familia: Erebidae
Subfamilia: Arctiinae
Tribus: Arctiini
Subtribus: Arctiina
Genus: Arctia
Actia caja species group:

Species: A. brachyptera – A. caja – A. martinhoneyi – A. olschwangi – A. opulenta
Arctia flavia species group:

A. flavia
Actia rueckbeili species group:

A. rueckbeili
Actia intercalaris species group:

A. intercalaris
Unknown Species Group

A. jelskii
Name

Arctia Schrank, 1802

Type species: Phalaena caja Linnaeus, 1758
Note:

See Discussion page.
References

Dubatolov, V.V., 2010. Tiger-moths of Eurasia (Lepidoptera, Arctiidae) (Nyctemerini by Rob de Vos & Vladimir V. Dubatolov). Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 65: 1–106, Marktleuthen.
Dubatolov, V.V. & V.O. Gurko, 2005: A new Arctia species from the Himalayas (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). Atalanta 36 (3/4): 538–541.
Dubatolov, V.V. & K.W. Philip, 2013: Review of the northern Holarctic Arctia caja complex (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Arctiinae). The Canadian Entomologist 145 (2): 147–154.
Freina de J.J., 1997: New discovered tiger moths from the Asian Palaearctic fauna (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae: Arctiinae). Linneana Belgica 16 (1): 49–60.
Lafontaine, J.D. & Schmidt, B.C. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. Zookeys 40: 1–239. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.40.414 Reference page.
Rönkä, K., Mappes, J., Kaila, L. & Wahlberg, N. 2016. Putting Parasemia in its phylogenetic place: a molecular analysis of the subtribe Arctiina (Lepidoptera). Systematic Entomology 41(4): 844–853. DOI: 10.1111/syen.12194 Reference page.
Schrank, F. v. P., 1802: Fauna Boica. Durchgedachte Geschichte der in Baiern einheimischen und zahmen Thiere 2 (1): VIII+274 S., W. Krüll: Ingolstadt.
Witt, T.J. & Ronkay, L. (Eds.) 2011. Noctuidae Europaeae. Volume 13. Lymantriinae and Arctiinae, including phylogeny and check list of the quadrifid Noctuoidea of Europe. Entomological Press, Sorø, 448 pp. ISBN 978-87-89430-18-8. Reference page.

Arctia is a genus of tiger moths in the family Erebidae.[1] Therein, it belongs to the subtribe Arctiina in the tribe Arctiini in the subfamily Arctiinae. Species are well distributed throughout North America, Palearctic, India, and Sri Lanka.

As a result of phylogenetic studies by Rönkä et al. in 2016, the following genera were determined to be synonyms with Arctia, and their species were reclassified in this genus.[2]

Acerbia
Ammobiota
Atlantarctia
Borearctia
Callarctia
Chionophila
Eupsychoma
Gonerda
Nemeophila
Oroncus
Pararctia
Platarctia
Platyprepia
Preparctia
Sinoarctia

Description

Palpi porrect (extending forward), reaching beyond the frons where the first two joints are hairy. Antennae bipectinated in male, with short branches swollen at extremity, and with a terminal bristle, whereas female has serrate. Legs hairy with hind tibia bears two spur pairs. Forewings rather short and broad.[3]
Species

These species belong to the genus Arctia:[2][4][5]

Arctia allardi (Oberthür, 1911)
Arctia alpina (Quensel, 1802)
Arctia aulica (Linnaeus, 1758) Lady-in-Waiting
Arctia brachyptera (Troubridge & Lafontaine, 1999) Kluane Tiger Moth
Arctia buddenbrocki (Kotzsch, 1929)
Arctia bundeli (Dubatolov & Gurko, 2004)
Arctia caja (Linnaeus, 1758) Garden Tiger Moth
Arctia churkini (Saldaitis, Ivinskis & Witt, 2003)
Arctia confluens (Romanoff, 1884)
Arctia cornuta (Saldaitis, Ivinskis & Witt, 2004[6])
Arctia cupido (Kishida, 1995)
Arctia dejeani (Godart, 1822)
Arctia dido (Wagner, 1841)
Arctia elisabethae (Kotzsch, 1939)
Arctia festiva (Hufnagel, 1766) Hebe Tiger Moth
Arctia flavia (Fuessly, 1779)
Arctia forsteri (Daniel, 1943)
Arctia gurkoi (Dubatolov, 2004)
Arctia hannyngtoni (Hampson, 1910)
Arctia intercalaris (Eversmann, 1843)
Arctia kasnakovi (Dubatolov, 1987)
Arctia khumbeli (Bang-Haas, 1927)
Arctia kolpakofskii (Alpheraky, 1882)
Arctia ladakensis (Bang-Haas, 1927)
Arctia lapponica (Thunberg, 1791) Lapland Tiger Moth
Arctia marchandi (de Freina, 1983)
Arctia martinhoneyi (Dubatolov & Gurko, 2005)
Arctia matronula (Linnaeus, 1758)
Arctia menetriesii (Eversmann, 1846)
Arctia mirifica (Oberthur, 1892)
Arctia murzini (Dubatolov, 2005)
Arctia oberthueri (Oberthür, 1890)
Arctia olschwangi (Dubatolov, 1990)
Arctia opulenta (Edwards, 1881) Opulent Tiger Moth
Arctia ornata (Staudinger, 1896)
Arctia parthenos (Harris, 1850) St. Lawrence Tiger Moth
Arctia perornata (Moore, 1879)
Arctia plantaginis (Linnaeus, 1758) Wood Tiger
Arctia romanovi (Grum-Grshimailo, 1891)
Arctia rueckbeili (Pungeler, 1901)
Arctia seitzi (Bang-Haas, 1910)
Arctia sieversi (Grum-Grshimailo, 1891)
Arctia souliei (Oberthur, 1903)
Arctia subnebulosa (Dyar, 1899)
Arctia tancrei (Staudinger, 1887)
Arctia testudinaria (Geoffroy, 1785) Patton's Tiger
Arctia thibetica (Felder, 1874)
Arctia tigrina (Villers, 1789)
Arctia tundrana (Tshistjakov, 1990)
Arctia ungemachi (Le Cerf, 1924)
Arctia villica (Linnaeus, 1758) Cream-spot Tiger
Arctia virginalis (Boisduval, 1852) Ranchman's Tiger Moth
Arctia weigerti (de Freina & Witt, 1985)
Arctia yarrowii (Stretch, 1874) Mountain Tiger Moth

References

Pitkin, Brian & Jenkins, Paul (November 5, 2004). "Arctia Schrank, 1802". Butterflies and Moths of the World. Natural History Museum, London. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
Rönkä, Katja; Mappes, Johanna; Kaila, Lauri; Wahlberg, Niklas (2016). "Putting Parasemia in its phylogenetic place: a molecular analysis of the subtribe Arctiina (Lepidoptera)". Systematic Entomology. 41 (4). doi:10.1111/syen.12194.
Hampson, G. F. (1894). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma: Moths Volume II. Taylor and Francis – via Biodiversity Heritage Library.
"NCBI Taxonomy Browser". Retrieved 2021-09-24.
"Arctia". GBIF. Retrieved 2021-09-24.
Saldaitis, A. , P. Ivinskis & T.J. Witt 2004: Acerbia cornuta spec. nov. and Acerbia seitzi micropuncta subspec. nov. from Central Asia (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). Atalanta 35 (3/4): 415-425.)

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