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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Paniceae
Subtribus: Anthephorinae – Boivinellinae – Cenchrinae – Dichantheliinae – Melinidinae – Neurachninae – Panicinae – incertae sedis
Genera: AcritochaeteAcrocerasAdenochloaAlexfloydiaAlloteropsisAmphicarpumAncistrachneAnthephoraArthragrostisBrachiariaCalyptochloaCenchrusChaetiumChaetopoaChamaeraphisChlorocalymmaCleistochloaCnidochloaCyphochlaenaCyrtococcumDichantheliumDigitariaDimorphochloaDissochondrusEccoptocarphaEchinochloaEntolasiaEriochloaHolcolemmaHomopholisHydrothaumaHygrochloaHylebatesIxophorusLasiacisLouisiellaMayariochloaMegaloprotachneMegathyrsusMelinisMicrocalamusMildbraediochloa – Moorochloa – Morronea – NeurachneOplismenusOryzidiumOttochloaPanicumParactaenumParaneurachneParatheria – Parodiophyllochloa – Plagiosetum – PoecilostachysPseudechinolaena – Pseudoraphis – Rupichloa – SacciolepisScutachneSetariaSetariopsisSnowdeniaSpinifexStenotaphrumStereochlaenaStreptolophusTaeniorhachisTarigidia – Thedachloa – Thuarea – ThyridachneThyridolepisTrachys – Trichanthecium – TricholaenaUranthoeciumUrochloaWalwhalleyaWhiteochloaXerochloaYakirraYvesia – Zuloagaea – Zygochloa

Name

Paniceae R.Br. Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 582. (1814)

Typus: Panicum L. Sp. Pl. 1: 55. (1753)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Cenchreae Rchb. UNRANKED (1828)
Digitarieae J.J.Schmitz& Regel (1841)
Spinificeae Dumort. (1829)
Melinideae Hitchc. (1920)
Boivinelleae A. Camus (1925)
Anthephoreae Pilg. ex Potztal (1957)
Trachideae Pilg. ex Potztal (1957)
Cyphochlaeneae Bosser (1965)
Neurachneae S.T. Blake (1972)

References

Brown, R. 1814. A Voyage to Terra Australis 2: 582.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Paniceae. Published online. Accessed: 3 Oct. 2013.
Morrone, O., Aagesen, L., Scataglini, L.M., Salariato, D.L., Denham, S.S., Chemisquy, M.A., Sedea, S.M., Giussani, L.A., Kellogg, E.A. & Zuloaga, F.O. 2012. Phylogeny of the Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae): integrating plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new classification. Cladistics 28(4): 333-356 DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00384.x Paywall ResearchGate Open access. Reference page.
Soreng, R.J., Davidse, G., Peterson, P.M., Zuloaga, F.O., Judziewicz, E.J., Filgueiras, T.S., Morrone, O. & Komaschenko, K. [2000 onwards.] World-wide Phylogenetic Classification of Poaceae (Gramineae). Catalogue of New World Grasses, Tropicos Project 10. Website. Reference page.
Tornabene, M.W. & Wagner, W.L. 2013. New combinations for Pacific endemic species: Marquesan Poaceae, and Micronesian Myrtaceae. PhytoKeys 28: 1-7. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.28.6139 Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2013. Paniceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 3.

Paniceae is a large tribe of the subfamily Panicoideae in the grasses (Poaceae), the only in the monotypic supertribe Panicodae. It includes roughly 1,500 species in 84 genera, primarily found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.[2][3] Paniceae includes species using either of the C4 and C3 photosynthetic pathways, as well as presumably intermediate species.[4] Most of the millets are members of tribe Paniceae.

The tribe is subdivided into seven subtribes, but some genera are as yet unplaced (incertae sedis).[2] Species in the Paniceae have an ancestral chromosome number (monoploid number) of x = 9, while species with x = 10 formerly included are now recognised as separate tribe, Paspaleae.[5]

Subtribes and genera

Subdivisions:[2]

incertae sedis

Chloachne
Homopholis (syn. Walwhalleya)
Hydrothauma
Hylebates
Kellochloa
Oryzidium
Sacciolepis
Thedachloa
Trichanthecium

Anthephorinae

Anthephora
Chaetopoa
Chlorocalymma
Digitaria
Megaloprotachne
Taeniorhachis
Tarigidia
Thyridachne
Trachys

Dichantheliinae

Adenochloa
Dichanthelium

Boivinellinae

Acroceras
Alloteropsis
Amphicarpum
Chasechloa
Cyphochlaena
Cyrtococcum
Echinochloa
Entolasia
Lasiacis
Mayariochloa
Microcalamus
Morronea
Oplismenus
Ottochloa
Parodiophyllochloa
Poecilostachys
Pseudechinolaena
Setiacis

Neurachninae

Ancistrachne
Calyptochloa
Cleistochloa
Neurachne
Paraneurachne
Thyridolepis

Melinidinae

Chaetium
Eccoptocarpha
Eriochloa
Leucophrys
Megathyrsus (syn. Pseudobrachiaria?)
Melinis (syn. Mildbraediochloa, Rhynchelytrum)
Moorochloa
Rupichloa
Scutachne
Thuarea
Tricholaena
Urochloa (syn. Brachiaria)
Yvesia

Panicinae

Louisiella
Panicum (syn. Arthragrostis)
Yakirra

Cenchrinae

Acritochaete
Alexfloydia
Cenchrus (syn. Cenchropsis, Echinaria, Kikuyuochloa, Nastus, Odontelytrum, Pennisetum, Snowdenia)
Chamaeraphis
Dissochondrus
Holcolemma
Hygrochloa
Ixophorus
Paractaenum
Paratheria
Plagiosetum
Pseudochaetochloa
Pseudoraphis
Setaria (syn. Camusiella, Paspalidium)
Setariopsis
Spinifex
Stenotaphrum
Stereochlaena
Streptolophus
Uranthoecium
Whiteochloa
Xerochloa
Zuloagaea
Zygochloa

References

Brown 1814, p. 582.
Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romaschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Teisher, Jordan K.; Clark, Lynn G.; Barberá, Patricia; Gillespie, Lynn J.; Zuloaga, Fernando O. (2017). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae) II: An update and a comparison of two 2015 classifications". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 55 (4): 259–290. doi:10.1111/jse.12262. ISSN 1674-4918.
Barkworth 2003, pp. 353–602.
Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Judziewicz, Emmet J.; Filgueiras, Tarciso S.; Davis, Jerrold I.; Morrone, Osvaldo (2015). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae)". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 53 (2): 117–137. doi:10.1111/jse.12150. ISSN 1674-4918. S2CID 84052108. open access

Morrone, Osvaldo; Aagesen, Lone; Scataglini, Maria A.; Salariato, Diego L.; Denham, Silvia S.; Chemisquy, Maria A.; Sede, Silvana M.; Giussani, Liliana M.; Kellogg, Elizabeth A.; Zuloaga, Fernando O. (2012). "Phylogeny of the Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae): integrating plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new classification". Cladistics. 28 (4): 333–356. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00384.x. ISSN 0748-3007. S2CID 86258463.

Sources

Barkworth, M. (2003). "Paniceae" in Flora North America. Vol. 25. pp. 353–602.
Brown, R. (1814). A Voyage to Terra Australis. Vol. 2. p. 582.
"Paniceae". Tropicos.org. 2013.
"USDA: GRIN Taxonomy for Plants". ars-grin.gov. 23 March 2006.

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