# .

# Mathematics Encyclopedia

# F

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M -

F-algebra

F-coalgebra

F-crystal

F-distribution

F-divergence

Fσ set

F-space

F-test

F-test of equality of variances

F-theory

F* (programming language)

F. and M. Riesz theorem

F. Riesz's theorem

F1 Score

F26A graph

F4 (mathematics)

Fabius function

Fabry gap theorem

Face (geometry)

Fabry theorem

Face

Face diagonal

Face validity

Facet (disambiguation)

Facet (geometry)

Faceting

Facility location

Facility location problem

Factor

Factor analysis

Factor analysis of mixed data

Factor base

Factor combining

Factor-critical graph

Factor graph

Factor of automorphy

Factor regression model

Factor representation

Factor system

Factor theory

Factorial code

Factorial experiment

Factorial moment

Factorial moment generating function

Factorial moment measure

Factorial number system

Factorial ring

Factorization

Factorization homology

Factorization of polynomials over finite fields

Factorization system

Faculty of Informatics and Statistics, University of Economics in Prague

Faculty of Mathematics, University of Cambridge --

Faddeev–LeVerrier algorithm

Fagin's theorem

Fagnano, Giulio Carlo de' Toschi di

Failure bias

Fair coin

Faithful representation

Fake 4-ball

Fake projective space

Falconer's conjecture

Falconer's formula

Falling and rising factorials

Falling cat problem

False (logic)

False coverage rate

False diffusion

False discovery rate

False nearest neighbor algorithm

False positive paradox

False positive rate

False precision

Family of sets

Family-wise error rate

Fan triangulation

Fangcheng (mathematics)

Fannes–Audenaert inequality

Fanning friction factor

Fano factor

Fano fibration

Fano plane

Fano resonance

Fano variety

Fano's inequality

Fantasia Mathematica

Faro shuffle

Farr's laws

Farrell–Jones conjecture

Farrell–Markushevich theorem

Farthest-first traversal

Fary–Milnor theorem

Fáry's theorem

Fast algorithms

Fast Fourier transform

Fast-growing hierarchy

Fast inverse square root

Fast Kalman filter

Fast Library for Number Theory

Fast marching method

Fast multipole method

Fast sweeping method

Fast Walsh–Hadamard transform

Fast wavelet transform

FastICA

Fat Chance: Probability from 0 to 1

Fat object (geometry)

Fat-tailed distribution

Fatou arc

Fatou–Bieberbach domain

Fatou extension

Fatou–Lebesgue theorem

Fatou's lemma

Fatou ring

Faugère's F4 and F5 algorithms

Faulhaber's formula

Faustmann's formula

Favard constant

Favard operator

Favard inequality

Favard measure

Favard problem

Favard theorem

Faxén's law

Fay and Wu's H

Fay's trisecant identity

Fbsp wavelet

FC-group

Feathered space

Federer-Fleming deformation theorem

Federer spectral sequence

Fedorov group

Fedosov trace formula

Fefferman-Garsia inequality

Fejer polynomial

Fejer-Riesz theorem

Fejer singular integral

Fejer sum

Feller process

Fermat (computer algebra system)

Fine set

Fine sheaf

Fine topology

Finitary problem

Finite-difference calculus

Finite field

Finiteness theorems

Finitism

Finsler geometry

Finsler metric

Finsler space

First integral

First International Topological Conference

First Johnson bound

First law of thermodynamics (fluid mechanics)

First-order hold

First-order logic

First-order partial differential equation

First-order predicate

First-order reduction

First-order reliability method

First-order second-moment method

First passage percolation

First-player and second-player win

First principle

First uncountable ordinal

First variation

First variation of area formula

Fischer group

Fischer group Fi22

Fischer group Fi23

Fischer group Fi24

Fischer's inequality

FISH (cipher)

Fishburn–Shepp inequality

Fishburn theorem

Fisher consistency

Fisher information

Fisher information metric

Fisher kernel

Fisher–Tippett distribution

Fisher–Tippett–Gnedenko theorem

Fisher transformation

Fisher–Yates shuffle

Fisher's equation

Fisher's exact test

Fisher's fundamental theorem of natural selection

Fisher's inequality

Fisher's method

Fisher's noncentral hypergeometric distribution

Fisher's z-distribution

Fitch notation

Fitness approximation

Fitness function

Fitness model (network theory)

Fitting chain

Fitting ideal

Fitting lemma

Fitting length

Fitting's theorem

FitzHugh–Nagumo model

Fitzsimmons–Fristedt–Shepp theorem

Five color theorem

Five-dimensional space

Five Equations That Changed the World

Five Equations That Changed the World: The Power and Poetry of Mathematics

Five lemma

Five-number summary

Five-point stencil

Five-pointed star

Five points determine a conic

Five room puzzle

Five-term exact sequence

Fixation index

Fixed effects model

Fixed point

Fixed-point combinator

Fixed-point index

Fixed-point iteration

Fixed-point lemma for normal functions

Fixed-point property

Fixed-point space

Fixed-point subgroup

Fixed-point subring

Fixed-point theorem

Fixed-point theorems in infinite-dimensional spaces

Fixed points of isometry groups in Euclidean space

Fixed-radius near neighbors

FIZ Karlsruhe

Fizz buzz

FK-AK space

FK-space

FKG inequality

FKT algorithm

FL (complexity)

Flabby sheaf

Flag (geometry)

Flag (linear algebra)

Flag bundle

Flail space model

Flag structure

FLAME clustering

Flanders Mathematics Olympiad

Flat (geometry)

Flat convergence

Flat cover

Flat function

Flat manifold

Flat map

Flat module

Flat morphism

Flat point

Flat pseudospectral method

Flat topology

Flat vector bundle

Flatland

Flatness (disambiguation)

Flatness (mathematics)

Flattening

Flatterland

Flecnode

Fleiss' kappa

Fleming–Viot process

Flexagon

Flexible identity

Flexible polyhedron

Flip (mathematics)

Flip graph

Flipped SU(5)

Floating point

Flock

Floer homology

Flooding algorithm

Floor and ceiling functions

Floquet exponents

Floquet-Lyapunov theorem

Florence Nightingale David Award

Flory–Schulz distribution

Flow (mathematics)

Flow-equivalent server method

Flow graph (mathematics)

Flow network

Flow sampling

Flow velocity

Flower snark

Floyd–Warshall algorithm

Fluctuation theorem

Fluent (artificial intelligence)

Fluent (mathematics)

Fluent calculus

Fluid limit

Fluid queue

Flux

Flux limiter

Fluxion

Flype

FNP (complexity)

FO (complexity)

Focal conics

Focal subgroup theorem

Focal surface

Focaloid

Fock matrix

Fock space

Fock state

Focused information criterion

Focused proof

Fodor's lemma

Foias constant

FOIL method

Fokas method

Fokker periodicity block

Fokker–Planck equation

Fold

Fold-and-cut theorem

Fold change

Folded cube graph

Folded normal distribution

Folded Reed–Solomon code

Folded spectrum method

Folded-t and half-t distributions

Folding (Dynkin diagram)

Folium of Descartes

Folk mathematics

Folk mathematics (disambiguation)

Folk theorem

Folk theorem (disambiguation)

Folk theorem (game theory)

Folkman graph

Følner sequence

Fomenko–Matveev–Weeks manifold

Fondements de la Géometrie Algébrique

Fontaine–Mazur conjecture

Fontaine's period rings

Föppl–von Kármán equations

For Want of a Nail

Forbidden graph characterization

Forbidden subgraph problem

Force chain

Force-directed graph drawing

Forcing (mathematics)

Forcing (recursion theory)

Forcing function (differential equations)

Ford circle

Ford–Fulkerson algorithm

Forder Lectureship

Forecast error

Forecasting

Forecasting complexity

Forest plot

Forgetful functor

Forking extension

Form

FORM (symbolic manipulation system)

Form constant

Formal arithmetic

Formal ball

Formal calculation

Formal concept analysis

Formal criteria for adjoint functors

Formal derivative

Formal epistemology

Formal ethics

Formal grammar

Formal group

Formal group law

Formal holomorphic function

Formal language

Formal manifold

Formal moduli

Formal power series

Formal proof

Formal scheme

Formal system

Formalism (philosophy of mathematics)

Formalized Music

Formally étale morphism

Formally real field

Formally smooth map

Formation (group theory)

Formation matrix

Formation rule

Formula

Formula calculator

Formula for primes

Formula game

Formulario mathematico

Formulas for generating Pythagorean triples

Forney algorithm

Fort space

Fortunate number

Fortunate prime

Fortune's algorithm

Fortune's conjecture

Forum Geometricorum

Forum of Mathematics

Forward algorithm

Forward–backward algorithm

Forward chaining

Forward measure

Forward problem of electrocardiology

Foster cage

Foster graph

Foster's theorem

Foulis semigroup

Foundation series

Foundational relation

Foundations of Algebraic Geometry

Foundations of Computational Mathematics

Foundations of Differential Geometry

Foundations of geometry

Foundations of mathematics

Foundations of Science

Foundations of statistics

Fountain code

Four-dimensional space

Four-dimensionalism

Four exponentials conjecture

Four fours

Four-gradient

Four-spiral semigroup

Four-tensor

Four-vector

Four-vertex theorem

Fourier

Fourier (disambiguation)

Fourier algebra

Fourier amplitude sensitivity testing

Fourier analysis

Fourier–Bessel series

Fourier–Bros–Iagolnitzer transform

Fourier–Deligne transform

Fourier division

Fourier integral operator

Fourier inversion theorem

Fourier–Motzkin elimination

Fourier–Mukai transform

Fourier operator

Fourier optics

Fourier series

Fourier shell correlation

Fourier sine and cosine series

Fourier-Stieltjes algebra

Fourier transform

Fourier transform on finite groups

Fourier-transform spectroscopy

Fourier transform

Fourth dimension (disambiguation)

Fourth dimension in art

Fourth dimension in literature

Fox derivativeFractal sequence

Fox H-function

Fox n-coloring

Fox–Wright function

FP (complexity)

Fpqc morphism

FPT (complexity class)

Fractal

Fractal analysis

Fractal antenna

Fractal art

Fractal canopy

Fractal compression

Fractal cosmology

Fractal curve

Fractal derivative

Fractal dimension

Fractal dimension on networks

Fractal flame

Fractal-generating software

Fractal globule

Fractal in soil mechanics

Fractal lake

Fractal landscape

Fractal sequence

Fractal string

Fractal transform

Fractalgrid

Fractals (journal)

Fractint

Fraction Bars

Fraction of inspired oxygen

Fraction of variance unexplained

Fractional anisotropy

Fractional Brownian motion

Fractional calculus

Fractional Calculus and Applied Analysis

Fractional cascading

Fractional Chebyshev collocation method

Fractional chromatic number

Fractional coloring

Fractional factorial design

Fractional Fourier transform

Fractional graph isomorphism

Fractional ideal

Fractional Laplacian

Fractional model

Fractional-order control

Fractional-order integrator

Fractional-order system

Fractional part

Fractional Poisson process

Fractional programming

Fractional quantum mechanics

Fractional Schrödinger equation

Fractional wavelet transform

Fracton

FRACTRAN

Fragment (logic)

Fraïssé limit

Frame (linear algebra)

Frame bundle

Framed knot

Francis Bacon

Francois Deruyts Prize

François Peyrard

Frank-Kamenetskii theory

Frank–Wolfe algorithm

Frankl conjecture

Frankl–Rödl graph

Frankl's conjecture

Franklin graph

Fraňková–Helly selection theorem

Franz Edelman Award for Achievement in Operations Research and the Management Sciences

Frattini subgroup

Frattini's argument

Fraunhofer diffraction equation

Fréchet algebra

Fréchet derivative

Fréchet distance

Fréchet distribution

Fréchet filter

Fréchet inception distance

Fréchet inequalities

Fréchet–Kolmogorov theorem

Fréchet lattice

Fréchet manifold

Fréchet mean

Fréchet space

Fréchet surface

Fréchet–Urysohn space

Frederick W. Lanchester Prize

Frederick W. Lanchester Prize

Fredholm alternative

Fredholm determinant

Fredholm integral equation

Fredholm kernel

Fredholm module

Fredholm operator

Fredholm solvability

Fredholm theory

Fredholm's theorem

Fredkin's paradox

Free abelian group

Free algebra

Free Boolean algebra

Free boundary problem

Free-by-cyclic group

Free category

Free composition

Free convolution

Free factor complex

Free-form deformation

Free fraction

Free functor

Free half group

Free Heyting algebra

Free ideal ring

Free independence

Free lattice

Free logic

Free loop

Free magma

Free module

Free motion equation

Free object

Free partially commutative group

Free presentation

Free probability

Free product

Free product of associative algebras

Free regular set

Free strict monoidal category

Free theory

Free thought

Free variables and bound variables

Freedman–Diaconis rule

Freedman's paradox

Freeform surface modelling

Frege system

Frege's propositional calculus

Frege's theorem

Freidlin–Wentzell theorem

Freiheitssatz

Freiling's axiom of symmetry

Freiman constant

Freivalds' algorithm

French curve

French mathematical seminars

French Statistical Society

Frenet–Serret formulas

Frénicle standard form

Frenkel–Kontorova model

Frequency (statistics)

Frequency distribution

Frequency domain

Frequency of exceedance

Frequency partition of a graph

Frequency selective surface

Frequent subtree mining

Frequentist probability

Freshman's dream

Fresnel equations

Fresnel integral

Freudenthal magic square

Freudenthal suspension theorem

Frey curve

Freyd cover

Fricke involution

Friedberg numbering

Friedel's law

Friedlander–Iwaniec theorem

Friedman number

Friedman test

Friedman translation

Friedman's SSCG function

Friedrichs extension

Friedrichs's inequality

Friendly-index set

Friendship graph

Friendship paradox

Frieze group

Fringe search

Frink ideal

Frisch–Waugh–Lovell theorem

Fritsch graph

Fritz John conditions

Frobenius algebra

Frobenius category

Frobenius covariant

Frobenius determinant theorem

Frobenius endomorphism

Frobenius formula

Frobenius inner product

Frobenius manifold

Frobenius matrix

Frobenius method

Frobenius normal form

Frobenius pseudoprime

Frobenius reciprocity

Frobenius solution to the hypergeometric equation

Frobenius splitting

Frobenius theorem

Frobenius theorem (differential topology)

Frobenius theorem (disambiguation)

Frobenius theorem (real division algebras)

Frobenius's theorem (group theory)

Fröberg conjecture

Froda's theorem

Fröhlich Prize

Frölicher–Nijenhuis bracket

Frölicher space

Frölicher spectral sequence

From Here to Infinity (book)

Frommer method

Frontal solver

Frostman lemma -

Froude number

Frucht graph

Frucht's theorem

Frullani integral

FSU Young Scholars Program

FTCS scheme

Fubini form

Fubini model

Fubini's theorem on differentiation

Fuchs relation

Fuchs' theorem

Fuchsian group

Fuchsian model

Fuchsian theory

Fueter–Pólya theorem

Fuglede−Kadison determinant

Fuglede's conjecture

Fuglede's theorem

Fuhrmann circle

Fuhrmann triangle

Fujiki class C

Fujita conjecture

Fujita–Storm equation

Fukaya category

Fulkerson Prize

Full and faithful functors

Full employment theorem

Full icosahedral group

Full linear monoid

Full reptend prime

Full state feedback

Full width at half maximum

Fully invariant subgroup

Fully irreducible automorphism

Fully normalized subgroup

Fulton–Hansen connectedness theorem

Function application

Function approximation

Function composition

Function field

Function field (disambiguation)

Function field (scheme theory)

Function field of an algebraic variety

Function field sieve

Function of a real variable

Function of several real variables

Function problem

Function representation

Function series

Function space

Function theory

Function tree

Functional calculus

Functional completeness

Functional correlation

Functional data analysis

Functional decomposition

Functional derivative

Functional determinant

Functional differential equation

Functional equation (L-function)

Functional integration

Functional predicate

Functional principal component analysis

Functional regression

Functional renormalization group

Functional square root

Functional-theoretic algebra

Functionally graded element

Functor

Functor category

Functor represented by a scheme

Fundamenta nova theoriae functionum ellipticarum

Fundamental class

Fundamental discriminant

Fundamental domain

Fundamental ephemeris

Fundamental frequency

Fundamental group

Fundamental group scheme

Fundamental groupoid

Fundamental increment lemma

Fundamental lemma (Langlands program)

Fundamental lemma of calculus of variations

Fundamental lemma of sieve theory

Fundamental matrix

Fundamental matrix (linear differential equation)

Fundamental normality test

Fundamental pair of periods

Fundamental plane (spherical coordinates)

Fundamental polygon

Fundamental representation

Fundamental solution

Fundamental theorem of algebra

Fundamental theorem of algebraic K-theory

Fundamental theorem of arithmetic

Fundamental theorem of asset pricing

Fundamental theorem of calculus

Fundamental theorem of Galois theory

Fundamental theorem of Hilbert spaces

Fundamental theorem of ideal theory in number fields

Fundamental theorem of linear algebra

Fundamental theorem of linear programming

Fundamental theorem of poker

Fundamental theorem of projective geometry

Fundamental theorem of Riemannian geometry

Fundamental theorem of software engineering

Fundamental theorem of topos theory

Fundamental theorem on homomorphisms

Fundamental theorems

Fundamental theorems of welfare economics

Fundamental unit (number theory)

Fundamental vector field

Fundamentum Astronomiae

Funk transform

Fürer's algorithm

Furstenberg boundary

Furstenberg–Sárközy theorem

Furstenberg's proof of the infinitude of primes

Further Mathematics

Fusiform

Fusion category

Fusion frame

Fuss–Catalan number

Futile game

Futoshiki

Future of mathematics

Fuzzy architectural spatial analysis

Fuzzy associative matrix

Fuzzy concept

Fuzzy extractor

Fuzzy game

Fuzzy logic

Fuzzy measure theory

Fuzzy number

Fuzzy set

Fuzzy set operations

Fuzzy sphere

Fuzzy-trace theory

Fuzzy transportation