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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Cladus: Pancrustacea
Superclassis: Multicrustacea
Classis: Malacostraca
Subclassis: Eumalacostraca
Superordo: Eucarida
Ordo: Decapoda
Subordo: Pleocyemata
Infraordo: Brachyura
Sectio: Eubrachyura
Subsectio: Heterotremata
Superfamilia: Gecarcinucoidea

Familia: Gecarcinucidae
Subfamilia: Globonautinae
Genus: Afrithelphusa
Species: A. afzelii – A. gerhildae – A. leonensis – A. monodosa

Afrithelphusa is a genus of freshwater crabs in the family Deckeniidae.[1] It contains four species,[2] all of which were formerly listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). They are all endemic to the Upper Guinean forests of Guinea and Sierra Leone.
Afrithelphusa afzelii

Afrithelphusa afzelii (Colosi, 1924) is known from two specimens collected before 1800 from a single, unknown locality in Sierra Leone. It is considered possibly extinct.[3] In 2021, the species was rediscovered in Moyamba District by Pierre A. Mvogo Ndongo, a researcher from the University of Douala.[4]
Afrithelphusa gerhildae

Afrithelphusa gerhildae (Bott, 1969) is known from three specimens collected in 1957 in Kindia, Guinea. Although population sizes are not known, the expansion of slash and burn agriculture and deforestation are likely to have caused it to decline. The lack of information about this species has led to its reappraisal as Data Deficient.[5]
Afrithelphusa leonensis

Afrithelphusa leonensis (Cumberlidge, 1987) is known from three specimens collected in 1955 at one locality in Guinea. It is considered critically endangered.[6] The crab was among the 25 "lost species" in the "Search for Lost Species" program by the non-profit organization Global Wildlife Conservation (GWC).[7] As part of this search, in 2021 the species was also rediscovered, this time on Sugar Loaf Mountain, just south of Freetown again by Pierre A. Mvogo Ndongo, just four days after rediscovering A. afzelii.[4]
Afrithelphusa monodosa

Afrithelphusa monodosa (Bott, 1959), the purple marsh crab, is the best known of the four species, new populations having been discovered since 1996. Despite this, fewer than 20 specimens have been collected, and the total population is likely to be less than 2,500. This crab is now listed as endangered.[8]

"WoRMS taxon details, Afrithelphusa Bott, 1969". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2022-11-25.
Peter K. L. Ng; Danièle Guinot & Peter J. F. Davie (2008). "Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant Brachyuran crabs of the world" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 17: 1–286. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-06.
Cumberlidge, N. & Daniels, S. (2020). "Afrithelphusa afzelii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T594A134452404. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T594A134452404.en. Retrieved 25 May 2023.
"FOUND: Rainbow-hued, land-dwelling Sierra Leone crab lost to science for 66 years is rediscovered in remote West African rainforest". Retrieved 2021-07-29.
Cumberlidge, N. & Daniels, S. (2020). "Afrithelphusa gerhildae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T593A134452648. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T593A134452648.en. Retrieved 25 May 2023.
Cumberlidge, N. & Daniels, S. (2020). "Afrithelphusa leonensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T592A134452846. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T592A134452846.en. Retrieved 25 May 2023.
"The Search for "Extinct" Species - Island Conservation". Island Conservation. 2017-05-17. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
Cumberlidge, N. & Daniels, S. (2020). "Afrithelphusa monodosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T595A134453041. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T595A134453041.en. Retrieved 25 May 2023.


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