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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Superclassis: Multicrustacea
Classis: Malacostraca
Subclassis: Eumalacostraca
Superordo: Eucarida
Ordo: Decapoda
Subordo: Pleocyemata
Infraordo: Brachyura
Sectio: Eubrachyura
Subsectiones: Heterotremata - Thoracotremata
Overview of superfamiliae

Trichopeltarioidea ...

Familiae incertae sedis: †Marocarcinidae

Eubrachyura Saint Laurent, 1980

Saint Laurent, M. de (1980). Sur la classification et la phylogénie des Crustacés Décapodes brachyoures. I. Podotremata Guinot, 1977, et Eubrachyura sect. nov. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, (D)290: 1265–1268.

Vernacular names
中文: 真短尾派

Eubrachyura is a group of decapod crustaceans (ranked as a "section") comprising the more derived crabs. It is divided into two subsections, based on the position of the genital openings in the two sexes. In the Heterotremata, the openings are on the legs in the males, but on the sternum in females, while in the Thoracotremata, the openings are on the sternum in both sexes. This contrasts with the situation in other decapods, in which the genital openings are always on the legs. Heterotremata is the larger of the two groups, containing the species-rich superfamilies Xanthoidea and Pilumnoidea and all the freshwater crabs (Gecarcinucoidea, Potamoidea). The eubrachyura is well known for actively and constantly building its own burrows.[2] The fossil record of the Eubrachyura extends back to the Cretaceous;[3] the supposed Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) representative of the group, Hebertides jurassica,[4] ultimately turned out to be Cenozoic in age.[5]

Here is a cladogram showing Eubrachyura's placement within Brachyura, as well as the two subgroups Heterotremata and Thoracotremata:[6][7]









Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-06.
P. K. L. Ng, D. Guinot & P. J. F. Davie (2008). "Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant Brachyuran crabs of the world" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 17: 1–286. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-06.
"Evolution of Primitive Crabs: Insights from the Neotropics". 6 November 2012.
Danièle Guinot; Antonio de Angeli; Alessandro Garassino (2007). "Hebertides jurassica n. gen., n. sp. (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) from the Middle Jurassic (Bathonian) of Normandy (France)". Atti della Società italiana di scienze naturali e del museo civico di storia naturale di Milano. 148 (2): 241–260.
Paul D. Taylor; G. Breton; Danièle Guinot; Antonio de Angeli; Alessandro Garassino (2012). "The Cenozoic age of the supposed Jurassic crab Hebertides jurassica Guinot, De Angeli & Gerassino, 2007 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)". Atti della Società italiana di scienze naturali e del museo civico di storia naturale di Milano. 153 (1): 71–83. doi:10.4081/nhs.2012.71.
Wolfe, Joanna M.; Breinholt, Jesse W.; Crandall, Keith A.; Lemmon, Alan R.; Lemmon, Emily Moriarty; Timm, Laura E.; Siddall, Mark E.; Bracken-Grissom, Heather D. (24 April 2019). "A phylogenomic framework, evolutionary timeline and genomic resources for comparative studies of decapod crustaceans". Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 286 (1901). doi:10.1098/rspb.2019.0079. PMC 6501934. PMID 31014217.
Ling Ming Tsang; Christoph D. Schubart; Shane T. Ahyong; Joelle C.Y. Lai; Eugene Y.C. Au; Tin-Yam Chan; Peter K.L. Ng; Ka Hou Chu (2014). "Evolutionary History of True Crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) and the Origin of Freshwater Crabs". Molecular Biology and Evolution. Oxford University Press . 31 (5): 1173–1187. doi:10.1093/molbev/msu068. PMID 24520090.


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