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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Limenitidinae
Tribus: Adoliadini
Genus: Abrota
Species: A. ganga

Abrota Moore, 1857, in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy (1): 176.

Type species: Abrota ganga Moore, 1857, by monotypy.

Abrota is a monotypic butterfly genus in the family Nymphalidae. Its only species is Abrota ganga, the sergeant-major.[1]


It is found in Sikkim, Bhutan, Abor Hills, Naga Hills, Burma, western China (Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan, Guangdong and Shanxi.[2][1]

In 1932 William Harry Evans described the species as not rare.[2]
For a key to the terms used, see Glossary of entomology terms.

The sergeant-major is 70 to 90 mm in wingspan.[2]

The male sergeant-major is tawny with dark bands. The upper hindwing has four bands, of which the central two are well-separated in the wet-season form and nearly united in the dry-season form.[2]

The female is dark brown with dusky tawny bands. The upper forewing has a streak in the cell with a spot beyond while the upper hindwing has two tawny bands.[2]

Abrota ganga ganga (Bhutan, Sikkim, Assam, Burma, Metok)
Abrota ganga formosana Fruhstorfer, 1909 (Taiwan)
Abrota ganga flavina Mell, 1923 (China: Guangdong)
Abrota ganga pratti Leech, 1891 (western China: Sichuan, Yunnan)
Abrota ganga riubaensis Yoshino, 1997 (China: Shaanxi)

See also

List of butterflies of India (Limenitidinae)


"Abrota Moore, 1857" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
Evans, W.H. (1932). The Identification of Indian Butterflies (2nd ed.). Mumbai, India: Bombay Natural History Society. p. 159, spp F23.

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