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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Superfamilia: Gelechioidea

Familia: Coleophoridae
Subfamily: Blastobasinae – Coleophorinae - Omphalopodinae
Genera (12): Apocopta – Aporotura – Augasma – Casignetella – Coleophora – Ecebalia – Enscepastra – Goniodoma – Iriothyrsa – Ischnophanes – Ischnopsis – Klinzigedia – Macrocorystis – Metriotes – Nasamonica – Porotica – Sandaloeca

Coleophoridae Hübner, 1825

Anikin, V.V. 2005. [New and little known species of casebearers (Lepidoptera, Coleophoridae) associated with Chenopodiaceae in Russia]. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 84(2): 387–406. [English version in Entomological Review 85(4): 420–436]. Reference page. 
Baldizzone, G., 1982: I Coleophoridae raccolti dalla spedizione del Museo di Budapest in Tunisia nel 1977 (Lepidoptera). Annales historico-naturales Musei nationalis hungarici 74: 203–216. Full article (PDF)
Baldizzone, G., 1998: Contribution to the knowledge of Coleophoridae LXXXVIII, new Coleophoridae species from Spain (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae). Shilap Revista de Lepidopterologia 26 (101): 45–66.
Baldizzone, G. & T. Oku, 1988: Descriptions of Japanese Coleophoridae I. Tyô to Ga 39 (2): 119–135. Abstract and full article
Baldizzone, G. & T. Oku, 1988: Descriptions of Japanese Coleophoridae II. Tyô to Ga 39 (3): 207–221. Abstract and full article
Baldizzone, G. & T. Oku, 1990: Descriptions of Japanese Coleophoridae III. Tyô to Ga 41 (2): 97–112. Abstract and full article
Baldizzone, G. & T. Oku, 1990: Descriptions of Japanese Coleophoridae IV. Tyô to Ga 41 (3): 155–169. Abstract and full article
Baldizzone, G. & H. van der Wolf, 2011: On Afrotropical Coleophoridae (1) (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae). Shilap Revista de Lepidopterologia 39 (156): 351–377.
Baldizzone, G.; van der Wolf, H.; Landry, J.-F. 2006: Coleophoridae, Coleophorinae (Lepidoptera). World catalogue of insects, 8. Stenstrup: Apollo Books.
Budashkin, Yu.I. & Richter. I. 2015. A new species of the casebearer moths of the genus Casignetella Strand, 1928 (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) from Russia. Eversmannia 41: 6–10.Reference page. 
Budashkin, Yu.I., Richter. I. & Tabell, J. 2015. A new finds of the casebearer moths (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) in Russia and Armenia. Eversmannia 41: 11–22. Reference page. 
McDunnough, J.H., 1962: Notes on the Coleophoridae (Lepidoptera) of the Maritime Provinces of Canada. American Museum novitates 2074: 1–7. Full article (PDF)

Vernacular names
中文: 鞘蛾科

The Coleophoridae are a family of small moths, belonging to the huge superfamily Gelechioidea. Collectively known as case-bearers, casebearing moths or case moths, this family is represented on all continents, but the majority are found in temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. They are most common in the Palearctic, and rare in sub-Saharan Africa, South America, and Australia; consequently, they probably originated (like most or all other Gelechioidea families) in northern Eurasia. They are relatively common in houses, they seek out moist areas to rest and procreate.[1]
Description and ecology

These "micromoths" are generally of slender build, and like in many of their relatives, the margins of their wings usually consist of a "fringe" of hairs. The tiny caterpillar larvae initially feed internally on the leaves, flowers, or seeds of their host plants. When they emerge to feed externally, they usually construct a protective silken case, discarded and built anew as they grow and molt. The common names of the Coleophoridae refer to this habit.

The bagworm moths (Psychidae), which also belong to the primitive Ditrysia (although to superfamily Tineoidea, not Gelechioidea), build similar cases as larvae. As opposed to these, though, the case-bearer females leave their cases to pupate and have normally developed wings as adults, instead of being neotenous as female bagworms usually are.
Taxonomy and systematics

About 95% of the over 1,000 described species have been placed in the "wastebin genus" Coleophora. Many proposals have been made to split smaller genera from Coleophora, but few have been accepted, due to the uncertainties about which species are closest to the type species of Coleophora – C. anatipennella – and thus would remain in the genus.[2]

Regarding the family's circumscription versus other Gelechioidea, it is by now far less disputed than usual for this superfamily. The Blastobasidae, Momphidae (mompha moths), Pterolonchidae, and Symmocidae have formerly been included in the Coleophoridae as subfamilies, but are more often considered separate families today. With the internal relationships of Coleophoridae genera (as far as they are widely accepted) and species essentially unresolved due to the classification problems mentioned above, no subfamilies or tribes are accepted in the family for the time being.[3]

Genera of case-bearers at least provisionally accepted by recent authors include:[4]

Corythangela (Batrachedridae)
Enscepastra (Batrachedridae)
Iriothyrsa (Agonoxeninae)
Ischnopsis (Agonoxeninae)
Porotica (Agonoxeninae)

See also

List of Coleophora species


AEBR (2008)
Pitkin & Jenkins (2004), AEBR (2008), and see references in Savela (2010)
AEBR (2008), ToL (2008), FE (2009), Wikispecies (2009-NOV-29), and see references in Savela (2010)
AEBR (2008), FE (2009), Wikispecies (2009-NOV-29), and see references in Savela (2010)
Beccaloni, G.; Scoble, M.; Kitching, I.; Simonsen, T.; Robinson, G.; Pitkin, B.; Hine, A.; Lyal, C., eds. (2003). "Amblyxena". The Global Lepidoptera Names Index. Natural History Museum. Retrieved 2018-12-20.

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