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Deudorix epijarbas

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Lycaenidae
Subfamilia: Theclinae
Tribe: Deudorigini
Genus: Deudorix
Subgenus: Deudorix
Species: Deudorix epijarbas
Subspecies: D. e. armstrongi – D. e. concolor – D. e. diovella – D. e. doris – D. e. enganicus – D. e. epijarbas – D. e. terenzius – D. e. timorleste

Deudorix epijarbas (Moore, [1858]).

Type locality: India, Bengal, Canara.

Holotype: not located.

Thecla epijarbas Boisduval, MS; unpublished name.
Aphnaeus epijarbas Doubleday, 1847: 26; nomen nudum.
Dipsas epijarbas Moore, [1858]: 32; Fruhstorfer, 1912: 265.
Deudorix epijarbas (Boisduval); Hewitson, 1863: 20, pl.7 figs 16-18.
Deudorix diara Swinhoe, 1896: 357. Assam ‡
Deudorix epijarbas ancus Fruhstorfer, 1912: 265. Sikkim. ‡
Deudorix epijarbas amatius Fruhstorfer, 1912: 265. Tonkin, Assam. ‡
Deudorix epijarbas menesicles Fruhstorfer, 1912: 265. Taiwan. ‡
Deudorix epijarbas coriolanus Fruhstorfer, 1912: 265. Palawan. ‡
Deudorix epijarbas megakles Fruhstorfer, 1912: 266. Sulawesi. ‡
Deudorix epijarbas mesarchus Fruhstorfer, 1912: 266. Lombok. ‡
Deudorix epijarbas cinnabarus Fruhstorfer, 1912: 266. Sundaland. ‡
Deudorix epijarbas cinnabarus side (forma) Fruhstorfer, 1912: 267. ‡
Rapala koshunna Sonan, 1931: 205. Taiwan.
Deudorix epijarbas koshuna [sic] (Sonan); Shirozu, 1960: 308, 454; Seki et al 1991: 95. Taiwan. ‡
Deudorix epijarbas perbella Murayama, 1983: 40, figs 8, 18. Flores. ‡

‡ Denotes synonymised in Seki et al, 1991: 95.

Bridges, C.A. 1994. Catalogue of the Family-Group, Genus-Group and Species-Group Names of the Riodinidae & Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) of the World. Bridges, Urbana, Illinois. BHL Reference page.
Doubleday, E. 1847. List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum, Part 2, London. BHL Reference page.
Fruhstorfer, H. 1911. Ubersicht der Lycaeniden des Indo-Australischen Gebiets. Begründet auf die Ausbeute und die Sammlung des Autors. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 56(3/4): 197–272, 4 figs. BHL (text), BHL (figs). Reference page.
Hewitson, W.C. 1863–1878. Illustrations of diurnal Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae. London, van Vorst, x + 229 pp, 107 pls. Text, plates. Reference page.
Hopkins, G.H.E., 1927. Insects of Samoa, Pt. 3, Fasc. 1. Butterflies of Samoa and some adjacemt Island Groups. London, BMNH 3(1): 64pp, 4 pls, 1 text fig. BHL Reference page.
Lane, D.A. & Müller, C.J., 2006. New species and subspecies of Rapala Moore and Deudorix Hewitson (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from East Timor. Australian Entomologist 33(2): 93–102. Reference page.
Moore, F., [1858]. in Moore, F. & Horsfield, T. Catalogue of the lepidopterous insects in the Museum of the Honourable East India Company 1 i-v, 1-14, 17-278, i-iv, 1-11; pls 1-12, 1a-6a. London. Vol.1 plates. Reference page.
Seki, Y. & Takanami, Y. and Otsuka, K., 1991. Butterflies of Borneo Vol. 2, No. 1. Lycaenidae. Tobishima Corporation, Tokyo. Reference page.
Shirôzu, T. 1960. Butterflies of Formosa in Colour. Osaka, Hoikusha 4to: vi + 481pp. tfs 1–479, pls 1–76. Reference page.
Sonan, J., 1931. Notes on some butterflies from Formosa. (2). Zephyrus 3(3/4): 194-206, pls 15-17, figs 1-13. Reference page.
Swinhoe, C., 1896. On new species of lepidoptera from the Khasia hills. Ann. mag. Nat. Hist. (6)17: 357-363. BHL. Reference page.

Deudorix epijarbas, the cornelian or hairy line blue,[1][2] is a species of lycaenid or blue butterfly found in south and southeast Asia from India to Fiji, including the Philippines, and also the tropical coast of Queensland in Australia. The species was first described by Frederic Moore in 1857.[1][2][3]

For a key to the terms used, see Glossary of entomology terms.

Male. Upperside scarlet-red. Forewing with broad black costal and outer marginal borders, the costal band has its inner margin somewhat curved, being limited by the median vein, consequently it is broadest at the apex, its inner edge on the outer margin is uneven, and at the hinder angle the black band is continued for a short distance along the hinder margin; the rest of the hinder margin is narrowly suffused with black, and so is the sub-median vein. Hindwing with the costa, base and abdominal area suffused with lilackish, the abdominal fold brown, outer marginal line finely black, anal lobe black with a small red mark in it; tail black, tipped with white, the veins often more or less finely black. Antennae black, ringed with white, club with a red tip and with a white streak on the underside below it. Underside greyish-brown, markings indicated by their white edges. Forewing with a thick bar, with a pale white line splitting it at the end of the cell; a discal almost straight rather broad band narrowing gradually hindwards, a sub-marginal series of thick lunular marks, edged outwardly with white, its lower end close to the lower end of the discal band. Hindwing with a thick bar with a pale white line running through it, at the end of the cell; a discal series of seven conjoined spots, the upper six squarish, the seventh angled, the series irregular, the second spot a little outwards, the fifth a little inwards, touching the lower end of the spot of the discoidal band, decreasing in size hindwards, the angular .spot running in on to the abdominal margin one-third above the anal augle, a submarginal series of similar spots, increasing in size liinclwards, anal lobe black, a linear white mark, and a curved streak of metallic blue scales above it, a black spot in the first interspace, ringed with orange. Female. Upperside fulvous-brown. Forewing with some fulvous suffusion below the median vein, varying in extent in different examples. Hindwing with the abdominal fold pale, in some examples without any markings, in some the entire wing is tinted with fulvous, and sometimes there are indications of a series of fulvous submarginal spots. Underside as in the male, the ground colour often much paler.
— Charles Swinhoe, Lepidoptera Indica: Volume IX[3]

The wingspan is about 30 mm.

The larvae feed on Sapindus trifoliatus, Euphoria longan, Litchi chinensis, Aesculus indicus, Connarus species (in seed capsules), Harpullia pendula, Pometia pinnata, Caryota rumphiana and Sarcopteryx martyana.

The subspecies are:[2]

D. e. epijarbas (south India, Sri Lanka)
D. e. ancus Fruhstorfer, 1912 (northern India)
D. e. amatius Fruhstorfer, 1912 (Assam to northern Thailand, Indo China)
D. e. cinnabarus Fruhstorfer, 1912 (southern Thailand to Sundaland)
D. e. terenzius Fruhstorfer (Nias)
D. e. enganicus Fruhstorfer (Enggano)
D. e. mesarchus Fruhstorfer, 1912 (Lesser Sunda Islands)
D. e. corolianus Fruhstorfer, 1912 (Palawan, Philippines)
D. e. megakles Fruhstorfer, 1912 (Sulawesi)
D. e. menesicles Fruhstorfer, 1912 (Taiwan)
D. e. dido Waterhouse, 1934 (Kuranda, Cairns)
D. e. biaka Joicey & Talbot (Biak)
D. e. turbo Fruhstorfer (Moluccas, Waigeu, Misool, Kai, West Irian to Papua, Manam, Tagula)
D. e. diovella Waterhouse, 1920 (Fiji)

See also

List of butterflies of India (Lycaenidae)


Varshney, R. K.; Smetacek, Peter (2015). A Synoptic Catalogue of the Butterflies of India. New Delhi: Butterfly Research Centre, Bhimtal & Indinov Publishing, New Delhi. p. 120. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.3966.2164. ISBN 978-81-929826-4-9.
Savela, Markku. "Deudorix epijarbas (Moore, 1857)". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved July 1, 2018.

Public Domain One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: Swinhoe, Charles (1911–1912). Lepidoptera Indica: Volume IX. London: Lovell Reeve and Co. pp. 33–34.

External links
Wikispecies has information related to Deudorix epijarbas.

Takanami, Yusuke & Seki, Yasuo (2001). "Genus Deudorix". A Synonymic List of Lycaenidae from the Philippines. Archived from the original on October 6, 2001 – via Internet Archive. With images.
Herbison-Evans, Don & Crossley, Stella (2 November 2013). "Deudorix epijarbas (Moore, 1858) Hairy Line Blue". Australian Caterpillars and their Butterflies and Moths. Retrieved 10 January 2020.

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