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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Superclassis: Allotriocarida
Classis: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Elateriformia
Superfamilia: Byrrhoidea

Familia: Elmidae
Subfamiliae: Larainae
Tribus: Laraini - Potamophilini

Genera: Australara – Disersus – Dryopomorphus – Hexanchorus – Hispaniolara – Hydora – Hypsilara – Hydrethus – Jaechomorphus – Laorina – Lara – Microlara – Neblinagena – Omotonus – Ovolara – Parapotamophilus – Phanocerus – Pharceonus – Potamocares – Potamodytes – Potamogethes – Potamolatres – Potamophilinus – Potamophilops – Potamophilus – Pseudodisersus – Roraima – Stetholus


Larainae LeConte, 1861

Primary references
Additional references

Barr, C.B. & Shepard, W.D. 2021. A review of the Larainae of Australia with description of seven new species and the new genus Australara (Coleoptera, Byrrhoidea, Elmidae). ZooKeys 1073: 55–117. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.1073.71843.Open access. Reference page. 

Template:Böving & Craighead, 1930

Archangelsky, M. & Manzo, V. 2006. The larva of Hydora annectens Spangler and Brown (Coleoptera: Elmidae, Larainae) and a key to New World Larainae larvae. Zootaxa 1204(1): 41–52. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.1204.1.4 Paywall. Reference page. 
Čiampor, F. Jr., Čiamporová-Zaťovičová, Z. & Kodada, J. 2017. A new species of Neblinagena Spangler from Kukenán tepui and DNA barcoding of Neblinagena and related genera (Coleoptera: Elmidae). Zootaxa 4286(2): 176–186. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4286.2.2 Reference page. 
Laššová, K., Čiampor, F., Jr. & Čiamporová-Zaťovičová, Z. 2014: Two new Larainae species from Guayana region, Venezuela (Coleoptera: Elmidae). Zootaxa 3753(2): 187–195. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3753.2.8 Reference page. .
Linský, M., Čiamporová-Zaťovičová, Z. & Čiampor, F. Jr. 2019. Four new species of Hexanchorus Sharp from Ecuador (Coleoptera, Elmidae) with DNA barcoding and notes on the distribution of the genus. Zookeys 838: 85–109. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.838.33086 Reference page. 
Maier, C.A. 2013. A revision of the Larainae (Coleoptera, Elmidae) of Venezuela, with description of nine new species. ZooKeys 329: 33–91. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.329.4961 Open access. Reference page. 
Maier, C.A. & Spangler, P.J. 2011. Hypsilara royi gen. n. and sp. n. (Coleoptera, Elmidae, Larainae) from Southern Venezuela, with a revised key to Larainae of the Western Hemisphere. ZooKeys 116: 25–36. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.116.1347 Open access. Reference page. 
Spangler, P.J.; Santiago-Fragoso, S. 1992: The aquatic beetle subfamily Larainae (Coleoptera: Elmidae) in Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies. Smithsonian contributions to zoology, (528) PDF

Larainae is a subfamily of riffle beetles in the family Elmidae. There are more than 20 genera and 160 described species in Larainae.[1][2][3]

These 28 genera belong to the subfamily Larainae:[4][1]

Disersus Sharp, 1882
Dryopomorphus Hamilton, 1936
Hexanchorus Sharp, 1882
Hispaniolara Brown, 1981
Hydora Broun, 1882
Hydrethus Fairmaire, 1889
Hypsilara Maier & Spangler, 2011
Jaechomorphus Kodada, 1993
Laorina Jäch, 1997
Lara LeConte, 1852
Microlara Jäch, 1993
Neblinagena Spangler, 1985
Omotonus Delève, 1963
Ovolara Brown, 1981
Parapotamophilus Brown, 1981
Phanoceroides Hinton, 1939
Phanocerus Sharp, 1882
Pharceonus Spangler & Santiago-Fragoso, 1992
Potamocares Grouvelle, 1920
Potamodytes Grouvelle, 1896
Potamogethes Delève, 1963
Potamolatres Delève, 1963
Potamophilinus Grouvelle, 1896
Potamophilops Grouvelle, 1896
Potamophilus Germar, 1811
Pseudodisersus Brown, 1981
Roraima Kodada & Jäch, 1999
Stetholus Carter & Zeck, 1929


"Larainae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2019-06-22.
"Larainae subfamily Information". Retrieved 2019-06-22.
Bouchard, Patrice; Bousquet, Yves; Davies, Anthony E.; Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel A.; et al. (2011). "Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta)". ZooKeys (88): 1–972. doi:10.3897/zookeys.88.807. PMC 3088472. PMID 21594053.

Čiampor, Fedor, Jr; Čiamporová-Zaťovičová, Zuzana (2019). "World Elmidae". Slovak Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 2019-06-22.

Further reading

Brown, Harley P. (1983). "Family: Elmidae". A Catalog of the Coleoptera of America North of Mexico. USDA Agriculture Handbook. United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service.
Hinton, H. E. (1940). "A monographic revision of the Mexican water beetles of the family Elmidae". Novitates Zoologicae. 42 (2): 217–396.
LeConte, J. L. (1861). Classification of the Coleoptera of North America. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Vol. 3. Smithsonian Institution. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.38459. ISBN 978-0665100550.
Lobl, I.; Smetana, A., eds. (2006). Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera, Volume 3: Scarabaeoidea – Scirtoidea – Dascilloidea – Buprestoidea – Byrrhoidea. Apollo Books. ISBN 978-90-04-30914-2.
Sanderson, M. W. (1953). "A revision of the Nearctic genera of Elmidae". Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society. 26 (4): 148–163. JSTOR 25082074.
Shepard, William D. (2002). "Family 43: Elmidae Curtis, 1830". In Arnett, Ross H. Jr.; Thomas, Michael C.; Skelley, Paul E.; Frank, J. Howard (eds.). American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. CRC Press. pp. 117–120. ISBN 978-0-8493-0954-0.

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