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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Superfamilia: Gelechioidea

Familia: Oecophoridae
Subfamiliae: Amphisbatinae - Hypertrophinae - Oecophorinae - Stenomatinae
Overview of genera

Amseloecia – Callimodes – Colchia – Hasenfussia – Luquetia – Minetia – Orienta – Philobota – Schiffermuellerina – Tingena – Variacma – Zizyphia
Overview of genera not assigned to a subfamily

Bullockiella – Dillmania – Encolia – Garateia – Gildita – Lleuquenia – Mawida – Pirquelia – Yasnita

Oecophoridae Bruand, 1851

Becker, V.O., 1999: Family reassignments and synonymy of some taxa of Neotropical Microlepidoptera. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 16 (suppl. 2): 141–170. Full article: [1].
Beéche, M.A. 2020. Lleuquenia sandovali, a new genus and a new species of Oecophoridae (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea) from central Chile. Revista Chilena de Entomologia 46(4): 671-679. [Full article (PDF)]. Reference page.
Clarke, J.F.G. 1978: Neotropical Microlepidoptera, XXI: new genera and species of Oecophoridae from Chile. Smithsonian contributions to zoology, 273: 1–80. [2]
Clarke, J.F.G., 1981: A new genus and two new species of Oecophoridae from Colombia (Lepidoptera). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 20 (1): 46–49.
Clarke, J.F.G., 1984: Insects of Micronesia Microlepidoptera: Gelechioidea. Insects of Micronesia 9 (2): 145–155. Full article: [3].
Duckworth, W.D., 1970: Neotropical Microlepidoptera XVIII: Revision of the genus Peleopoda (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 48: 1–30. Full article: [4]
Junnilainen, Jari & Kari Nupponen, 1999: Buvatina iremella sp. n. (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae) from the southern Ural Mountains. Entomologica Fennica 10 (4): 247–248.
Lvovsky, A.L., 2001: Two new species of moths from tropical Africa (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae, Lecithoceridae). Zoosystematica Rossica 10(1): 181–182.
Lvovsky, A.L., 2007: Two new species of the genus Denisia, from the Caucasus and from Yukon Territory of Canada (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae). Zoosystematica Rossica 16(2): 289–291.
Lvovsky, A.L., 2012: Comments on the classification and phylogeny of broad-winged moths (Lepidoptera, Oecophoridae sensu lato). Entomological Review 92 (2): 188–205. Abstract: DOI: 10.1134/S001387381202008X.
Sohn, J.-C., 2011: The revised identity of Cyanarmostis Meyrick, 1927; transfer from Heliodinidae to Oecophoridae and its new synonym Beijinga Yang, 1977. Tinea 21 (4): 215–218.
Urra Lagos, F. 2017a. Nuevos Géneros y Especies de Oecophoridae (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea) de la Cordillera de Nahuelbuta, Chile. Boletín del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural 66(2): 263-282. full article (PDF)Reference page.
Wang, Shu-Xia , Roger C. Kendrick & Philip Sterling, 2009: Microlepidoptera of Hong Kong: Oecophoridae I: the genus Promalactis Meyrick. Zootaxa 2239: 31–44. Abstract and Accept [5]


Pitkin, B. & P. Jenkins. Butterflies and Moths of the World: Generic Names and their Type-species. Natural History Museum.[6]

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Faulholzmotten
suomi: Kärsäkoit
magyar: Díszmolyfélék
lietuvių: Plačiasparnės čiuopiklinės kandys
norsk: Prydmøll
中文: 织蛾科

Oecophoridae (concealer moths) is a family of small moths in the superfamily Gelechioidea. The phylogeny and systematics of gelechoid moths are still not fully resolved, and the circumscription of the Oecophoridae is strongly affected by this.[1]

Taxonomy and systematics

Pleurotinae Toll, 1956
Deuterogoniinae Spuler, 1910
Colchia Lvovsky, 1995

Also possibly included is the Peruvian species Auxotricha ochrogypsa, described by Edward Meyrick in 1931 as the sole member of its genus. In the past, the family was circumscribed more widely and included the following subfamilies:

Amphisbatinae (sometimes in Depressariinae)
Depressariinae (including Cryptolechiinae)
Oecophorinae (including Chimabachinae, Deuterogoniinae, Peleopodinae, Philobotinae)

Stathmopoda pedella (Stathmopodinae) near Ilmenau (Thuringia, Germany)

Some treatments include only the Oecophorinae and Stathmopodinae here, placing the others elsewhere in the Gelechoidea (typically in the Elachistidae, but occasionally as independent families). But this approach might make Elachistidae highly paraphyletic. Other authors go as far as to expand the Oecophoridae beyond the delimitation used here, including also such groups as the Ethmiidae and Xyloryctidae. The latter may indeed be part of a monophyletic Oecophoridae, but more research is required; the Ethmiidae on the other hand are more likely a distinct family. The mysterious genus Aeolanthes is also sometimes included in the Oecophoridae (as a monotypic subfamily Aeolanthinae), but its actual relationships are quite obscure.[2]

Some additional genera[verification needed] are also treated as Oecophoridae incertae sedis in recent studies:[3]

Amseloecia Povolný, 1983
Callimodes Leraut, 1989 (Oecophorinae?)
subgenus Orienta Lvovsky, 1995[4]
Colchia Lvovsky, 1995
Luquetia Leraut, 1991 (Depressariinae?)
Minetia Leraut, 1991 (Oecophorinae?)
Odonna Clarke, 1982
Schiffermuellerina Leraut, 1989 (Oecophorinae?)
Schiffermuellerina grandis (Desvignes, 1842)
Zizyphia Chrétien, 1908 (Oecophorinae? Formerly in Gelechiidae)
†Epiborkhausenites Skalski, 1973 (Bartonian age, Baltic amber, Lithuania)[5]

Relationship with humans

Many concealer moths feed on dead plant material and are nutrient recyclers. On the other hand, the family includes the white-shouldered house moth (Endrosis sarcitrella), which is a widely distributed moth that has caterpillars that infest stored grain, and the brown house moth (Hofmannophila pseudospretella), which feeds on textiles and carpets as well as stored foodstuffs.

Concealer moths have also been put to useful service. Agonopterix ulicetella, a native of Europe, has been introduced to New Zealand and Hawaii in an attempt to control the European gorse (Ulex europaeus), and the defoliating hemlock moth (Agonopterix alstroemeriana) has been used against Conium maculatum poison hemlock in the United States.

Hodge (1999)
Hodge (1999), ToL (2008), Wikispecies (2010-MAR-24), and see references in Savela (2003)
Wikispecies (2010-MAR-24)
Savela, Markku. "Callimodes Leraut, 1989". Lepidoptera and some other life forms. Retrieved 2020-01-07.

Skalski, A.W. (1973). "Studies on the Lepidoptera from fossil resins. Part II. Epiborkhausenites obscurotrimaculatus gen. et sp. nov. (Oecophoridae) and a tineid-moth discovered in the Baltic amber" (PDF). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 18 (1): 153–160.


Hodges, R.W. (1999): The Gelechioidea. In: Kristensen, N.P. (ed.): Handbuch der Zoologie/Handbook of Zoology (Volume IV – Arthropoda: Insecta. Part 35: Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies 1): 131–158. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin & New York. ISBN 3-11-015704-7
Savela, Markku (2003): Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms – Oecophoridae. Version of 2003-DEC-29. Retrieved 2010-APR-22.
Tree of Life Web Project (ToL) (2008): Oecophoridae. Version of 2008-MAY-01. Retrieved 2010-APR-22.

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