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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Superclassis: Multicrustacea
Classis: Malacostraca
Subclassis: Eumalacostraca
Superordo: Eucarida
Ordo: Decapoda
Subordo: Pleocyemata
Infraordo: Brachyura
Sectio: Eubrachyura
Subsectio: Heterotremata
Superfamilia: Xanthoidea

Familia: Xanthidae
Subfamilia: Xanthinae
Genus: Xantho
Species: X. hydrophilus – ... X. poressa

Xantho Leach, 1814


Nomenclator Zoologicus

Vernacular names
italiano: Granchio mezzaluna

Xantho is a genus of crabs in the family Xanthidae, containing five extant species,[2] all restricted to the north-east Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, although Xantho granulicarpis is not universally recognised as a separate species from Xantho hydrophilus:[3]

Xantho granulicarpus Forest, 1953
Xantho hydrophilus (Herbst, 1790)
Xantho pilipes A. Milne-Edwards, 1867
Xantho poressa (Olivi, 1792)
Xantho sexdentatus (Miers, 1881)

Five species are known from the fossil record, including one species that is still extant.[4]

P. Davie; M. Türkay (2009). "Xantho Leach, 1814". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
Peter K. L. Ng; Danièle Guinot & Peter J. F. Davie (2008). "Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant Brachyuran crabs of the world" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 17: 1–286.
S. Reuschel & C. D. Schubart. "Phylogeny and geographic differentiation of Atlanto–Mediterranean species of the genus Xantho (Crustacea: Brachyura: Xanthidae) based on genetic and morphometric analyses". Marine Biology. 148 (4): 853–866. doi:10.1007/s00227-005-0095-1.
Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109.


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