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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Hesperiidae
Subfamilia: Hesperiinae
Tribus: Baorini
Genera (17): AfrogegenesBaorisBorboBrusa – Caltoris – Gegenes – Iton – Larsenia – Parnara – Pelopidas – Polytremis – Prusiana – Pseudoborbo – Tsukiyamaia – Zenonia – Zenonoida – Zinaida

Baorini (Doherty, 1886)

Baorinae Doherty, 1886: 111.
Gegenini Chou, 1994


Chiba, H. & Eliot, J.N. 1991. A Revision of the Genus Parnara Moore (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae), with Special Reference to the Asian Species. Transactions of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan 42(3): 179–194.Reference page.
Doherty, W., 1886. A list of butterflies taken in Kumaon. J. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 55(2): 103–140. BHL. Reference page.
de Jong, R. & Coutsis, J.G. 2017. A re-appraisal of Gegenes Hübner, 1819 (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae) based on male and female genitalia, with the description of a new genus, Afrogegenes. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 160(1): 41–60. DOI: 10.1163/22119434-16001003. Reference page.
Fan, X., Chiba, H., Huang, Z., Fei, W., Wang, M., Sáfián, S., 2016. Clarification of the Phylogenetic Framework of the Tribe Baorini (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae) Inferred from Multiple Gene Sequences. PLOS One 11(7): 1–18, 1 fig. WEB. Reference page.
Huang, H. 2011. Notes on the genera Caltoris Swinhoe, 1893 and Baoris Moore, [1881] from China (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Atalanta 42(1-4): 201–220. Reference page.
Huang, Z.F., Chiba, H., Guo, D., Yago, M., Braby, M.F., Wang, M. & Fan, X.L. 2019. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of Parnara butterflies (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 139: 106545. PDF. Reference page.
Jiang, W., He, H., Li, Y., Ren, M., Ma, Y., Zheng, L., Zhu, J. & Yu, W. 2016. Taxonomic status and molecular phylogeography of two sibling species of Polytremis (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Scientific Reports 6: 20820. DOI: 10.1038/srep20820. Reference page.
Jiang, W., He, H., Li, Y., Wang, Y., Ge, C., Zhu, J. & Yu, W. 2019. Molecular phylogeny of the butterfly tribe Baorini Doherty, 1886 (Hesperiidae, Hesperiinae) in China. Zootaxa 4565(1): 108–116. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4565.1.8 Reference page.
Tang, J., Huang, Z.F., Chiba, H., Han, Y., Wang, M. & Fan, X.L. 2017. Systematics of the genus Zinaida Evans, 1937 (Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae: Baorini). PLoS ONE 12(11): e0188883. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188883. Reference page.
Toussaint, E.F.A., Vila, R., Yago, M., Chiba, H., Warren, A.D., Aduse-Poku, K., Storer, C., Dexter, K.M., Maruyama, K., Lohman, D.J. & Kawahara, A.Y. 2019. Out of the Orient: Post-Tethyan transoceanic and trans-Arabian routes fostered the spread of Baorini skippers in the Afrotropics. Systematic Entomology 44(4): 926–938. DOI: 10.1111/syen.12365 Reference page.
Zhu, J-Q., Chiba, H. & Wu, L-W. 2016. Tsukiyamaia, a new genus of the tribe Baorini (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Hesperiinae). ZooKeys 555: 37–55. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.555.6144. Reference page.

Baorini is a tribe in the Hesperiinae subfamily of skipper butterflies.




Chiba, H. & J.N. Eliot, 1991: A Revision of the Genus Parnara Moore (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae), with Special Reference to the Asian Species. Tyô to Ga 42 (3): 179-194. Full article: [1].

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