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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Pieridae
Subfamilia: Coliadinae
Genera: Anteos - Aphrissa - Catopsilia - Colias - Dercas - Eurema - Gandaca - Gonepteryx - Kricogonia - Leucidia - Nathalis - Phoebis - Prestonia - Pyrisitia - Rhabdodryas - Zerene


Coliadinae Swainson, 1827

Lamas, G. 2004. (ed.) Checklist: Part 4A. Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. In Heppner, J.B. (ed.) Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Vol.5A, Pt.4A. Assn. for Tropical Lepidoptera/Scientific Publishers, Gainesville. 439pp. Reference page.
Wahlberg, N., Rota, J., Braby, M.F., Pierce, N.E. & Wheat, C.W. 2014. Revised systematics and higher classification of pierid butterflies (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) based on molecular data. Zoologica scripta 43(6): 641–650. DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12075 Paywall. Reference page.

Vernacular names
suomi: Keltaperhoset
日本語: モンキチョウ亜科
中文: 黃粉蝶亞科

Coliadinae, the sulphurs or yellows, are a subfamily of butterflies with about 300 described species.

There are 36 species in North America, where they range from Mexico to northern Canada. In most species, males are easily distinguished from females. For example, in the genera Colias and Gonepteryx), males exhibit brilliant UV reflections that the females lack.[1]

The Coliadinae can be arranged in the three traditional tribes and a basal lineage, with one genus of unclear placement. The taxa—including some selected species—are arranged here in the presumed phylogenetic sequence, from the most ancient lineages to the most modern ones:[2][failed verification]

Basal lineage

Kricogonia Reakirt, 1863
Nathalis Boisduval, [1836]


Terias Swainson, 1821
Pyrisitia Butler, 1870
Abaeis Hübner, [1819]
Eurema Hübner, [1819] – grass yellows
Leucidia Doubleday, [1847]
Teriocolias Roeber 1909


Dercas Doubleday, [1847] – sulphurs
Gonepteryx Leach, [1815] – brimstones


Catopsilia Hübner, [1819] – emigrants
Colias Fabricius, 1807 – clouded yellows
Zerene Hübner, [1819]
Zerene eurydice – California dogface butterfly
Anteos Hübner, [1819] – angled-sulphurs
Aphrissa Butler, 1873
Phoebis Hübner, [1819]
Phoebis sennae – cloudless sulphur
Phoebis avellaneda – red-splashed sulphur
Prestonia Schaus, 1920
Prestonia clarki Schaus, 1920
Rhabdodryas Godman & Salvin, [1889]
Rhabdodryas trite (Linnaeus, 1758)

Incertae sedis

Gandaca Moore, [1906]
Gandaca harina (Horsfield, [1829]) – tree yellow


Lim & Li (2005)

Brower (2006)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coliadinae.

Brower, Andrew V.Z. (2006): Tree of Life Web Project - Coliadinae. Version of November 16, 2006. Retrieved August 7, 2008
Lim, M.L.M. & Li, D. (2005): Extreme ultraviolet sexual dimorphism in jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89(3): 397-406. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2006.00704.x (HTML abstract)

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