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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Hymenopterida
Ordo: Hymenoptera
Subordo: Apocrita
Superfamilia: Formicoidea

Subfamilia: Dolichoderinae
Tribus (4): Bothriomyrmecini - Dolichoderini - Leptomyrmecini - Tapinomini
Overview of genera

Fossil groups: †Alloiomma – †Asymphylomyrmex – †Ctenobethylus – †Elaeomyrmex – †Elaphrodites – †Eldermyrmex – †Emplastus – †Eotapinoma – †Eurymyrmex – †Kotshkorkia – †Leptomyrmula – †Miomyrmex – †Petraeomyrmex – †Pityomyrmex – †Proiridomyrmex – †Protazteca – †Yantaromyrmex – †Zherichinius – ...

Dolichoderinae Forel, 1878


Vernacular names
日本語: カタアリ亜科

Fisher, B.L. 2009: Two new dolichoderine ant genera from Madagascar: Aptinoma gen. n. and Ravavy gen. n. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2118: 37–52. PDF
Heterick, B.E.; Shattuck, S. 2011: Revision of the ant genus Iridomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2845: 1–175. Preview
Shattuck, S.O. 1992: Review of the dolichoderine ant genus Iridomyrmex Mayr with descriptions of three new genera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 31(1): 13–18. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-6055.1992.tb00453.x PDF
Ward, P.S.; Brady, S.G.; Fisher, B.L.; Schultz, T.R. 2010: Phylogeny and biogeography of dolichoderine ants: effects of data partitioning and relict taxa on historical inference. Systematic biology, 59: 342–362. DOI: 10.1093/sysbio/syq012
Ye, D.-D. et al. 2013: Molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from China based on mtDNA sequence. Acta zootaxonomica sinica 38(3):461-467. abstract and full article (PDF) Reference page.
Yoshimura, M.; Fisher, B.L. 2011: A revision of male ants of the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): key to genera of the subfamily Dolichoderinae. Zootaxa, 2794: 1–34. Preview PDF


Dolichoderinae – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Dolichoderinae – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
Dolichoderinae – Taxon details on Fauna Europaea.
Dolichoderinae - JAnt

Dolichoderinae is a subfamily of ants, which includes species such as the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile), the erratic ant, the odorous house ant, and the cone ant. The subfamily presents a great diversity of species throughout the world, distributed in different biogeographic realms, from the Palearctic, Nearctic, Afrotropical region and Malaysia, to the Middle East, Australian, and Neotropical regions.[2]

This subfamily is distinguished by having a single petiole (no post-petiole) and a slit-like orifice, from which chemical compounds are released. Dolichoderine ants do not possess a sting, unlike ants in some other subfamilies, such as Ponerinae and Myrmicinae, instead relying on the chemical defensive compounds produced from the anal gland.[3]

Of the compounds produced by dolichoderine ants, several terpenoids were identified including the previously unknown iridomyrmecin, isoiridomyrmecin, and iridodial.[4] Such compounds are responsible for the smell given off by ants of this subfamily when crushed or disturbed.

Tribes and genera

Bothriomyrmecini Dubovikov, 2005
Arnoldius Dubovikov, 2005
Bothriomyrmex Emery, 1869
Chronoxenus Santschi, 1919
Loweriella Shattuck, 1992
Ravavy Fisher, 2009
Dolichoderini Forel, 1878
Dolichoderus Lund, 1831
Leptomyrmecini Emery, 1913
Anillidris Santschi, 1936
Anonychomyrma Donisthorpe, 1947
Azteca Forel, 1878
†Chronomyrmex McKellar, Glasier & Engel, 2013
Doleromyrma Forel, 1907
Dorymyrmex Mayr, 1866
Forelius Emery, 1888
Froggattella Forel, 1902
Gracilidris Wild & Cuezzo, 2006
Iridomyrmex Mayr, 1862
Leptomyrmex Mayr, 1862
Linepithema Mayr, 1866
Nebothriomyrmex Dubovikov, 2004
Ochetellus Shattuck, 1992
Papyrius Shattuck, 1992
Philidris Shattuck, 1992
Turneria Forel, 1895
†Miomyrmecini Carpenter, 1930
†Miomyrmex Carpenter, 1930
Tapinomini Emery, 1913
Aptinoma Fisher, 2009
Axinidris Weber, 1941
†Ctenobethylus Brues, 1939
Ecphorella Forel, 1909
Liometopum Mayr, 1861
Tapinoma Förster, 1850
Technomyrmex Mayr, 1872
incertae sedis
†Alloiomma Zhang, 1989
†Asymphylomyrmex Wheeler, 1915
†Elaeomyrmex Carpenter, 1930
†Elaphrodites Zhang, 1989
†Eldermyrmex Heterick & Shattuck, 2011
†Emplastus Donisthorpe, 1920
†Eotapinoma Dlussky, 1988
†Eurymyrmex Zhang, Sun & Zhang, 1994
†Kotshkorkia Dlussky, 1981
†Ktunaxia Lapolla & Greenwalt, 2015
†Leptomyrmula Emery, 1913
†Petraeomyrmex Carpenter, 1930
†Proiridomyrmex Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003
†Protazteca Carpenter, 1930
†Usomyrma Dlussky, Radchenko & Dubovikoff, 2014
†Yantaromyrmex Dlussky & Dubovikoff, 2013
†Zherichinius Dlussky, 1988

Usomyrma mirabilis

See also

List of ants of Andorra


Bolton, B. (2015). "Dolichoderinae". AntCat. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
Cardoso, D.; Cristiano, M. P.; Barros, L. S.; Lopes, D.; Pompolo, S. (2012). "First cytogenetic characterization of a species of the arboreal ant genus Azteca Forel, 1978 (Dolichoderinae, Formicidae)". Comparative Cytogenetics. 6 (2): 107–14. doi:10.3897/CompCytogen.v6i2.2397. PMC 3833797. PMID 24260655.
Fisher, Brian L. and Stefan P. Cover (2007) Ants of North America: a guide to the genera

Wilson, E. O.; Pavan, M. (1959). "Glandular Sources and Specificity of Some Chemical Releasers of Social Behavior in Dolichoderine Ants". Psyche: A Journal of Entomology. 66 (4): 70. doi:10.1155/1959/45675.

This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: Cardoso, D.; Cristiano, M. P.; Barros, L. S.; Lopes, D.; Pompolo, S. (2012). "First cytogenetic characterization of a species of the arboreal ant genus Azteca Forel, 1978 (Dolichoderinae, Formicidae)". Comparative Cytogenetics. 6 (2): 107–14. doi:10.3897/CompCytogen.v6i2.2397. PMC 3833797. PMID 24260655.

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