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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Lycaenidae
Subfamilia: Theclinae
Tribus: Luciini
Genus: Hypochrysops
Species: (63) [Alphabetic]
H. akirai – H. alyattes – H. anacletus – H. antiphon – H. apelles – H. apollo – H. architas – H. argyriorufus – H. aristobul – H. arronica – H. aurantiaca – H. bakeri – H. byzos – H. calliphon – H. castaneus – H. chrysanthis – H. chrysargyra – H. cleon – H. cleonides – H. coelisparsus – H. coruscans – H. cyane – H. delicia – H. detanii – H. dicomas – H. digglesii – H. dinawa – H. dohertyi – H. doleschallii – H. elgneri – H. epicurus – H. felderi – H. ferruguineus – H. fuscus – H. geminatus – H. halyaetus – H. herdonius – H. hermogenes – H. heros – H. hippuris – H. hypates – H. ignitus – H. julie – H. luteus – H. makrikii – H. meeki – H. mioswara – H. miraculum – H. miskini – H. narcissus – H. ribbei – H. piceata – H. plotinus – H. polycletus – H. protogenes – H. pyrodes – H. pythias – H. ribbei – H. rufimargo – H. scintillans – H. siren – H. taeniata – H. theon – H. thesaurus

Hypochrysops C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860.

Type species: Papilio polycletus Linnaeus, 1758.

Waigeum Staudinger, 1895: 153. TS: Thysonotis miraculum Druce & Bethune-Baker, 1893: 552, pl.46, fig.12; designated as Waigeum miraculum by Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914: 91.
Miletus Hübner, 1819; sensu Scudder, 1875: 219, et seq.

Species Groups
anacletus species group

H. anacletus – H. architas – H. julie – H. scintillans – H. siren – H. taeniata
arronica species group

H. arronica – H. felderi
byzos species group

H. byzos – H. geminatus – H. pythias
chrysanthis species group

H. apollo – H. chrysanthis – H. chrysargyra – H. coelisparsus – H. elgneri – H. pyrodes
dicomas species group

H. dicomas – H. ferruguineus – H. meeki
digglesi species group

H. digglesii – H. rufimargo
hermogenes species group

H. argyriorufus – H. castaneus – H. hermogenes
hippuris species group

H. alyattes – H. bakeri – H. hippuris
ignitus species group

H. cyane – H. delicia – H. epicurus – H. halyaetus – H. ignitus – H. piceata
mioswara species group

H. antiphon – H. calliphon – H. detanii – H. mioswara
narcissus species group

H. hypates – H. luteus – H. narcissus – H. plotinus
polycletus species group

H. polycletus
protogenes species group

H. apelles – H. aristobul – H. aurantiaca – H. cleon – H. cleonides – H. miskini – H. protogenes – H. thesaurus
ribbei species group

H. coruscans – H. dinawa – H. makrikii – H. miraculum – H. ribbei
theon species group

H. akirai – H. dohertyi – H. doleschallii – H. fuscus – H. herdonius – H. heros – H. theon

Note: Species Groups after Sands, 1986.


Cassidy, A.C., 2003. New information on lycaenid butterflies of the South-East Asian Islands. Transactions of the Lepidopterological Society, Japan 54(2): 73–82. pdf. Reference page.
Druce, H.H. 1891. A monograph of the Lycaenid genus Hypochrysops with descriptions of new species. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 39(2): 179–195, pls. 10, 11. Reference page.
Druce, H.H. & Bethune-Baker, G.T. 1893. A monograph of the butterflies of the genus Thysonotis. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1893(3): 536–552, pls. 45-47. BHL text; plates. Reference page.
Kerr, J.F.R., J. Macqueen & D.P.A. Sands, 1969. A new species of Hypochrysops (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from South Queensland. Australian Journal of Entomology 8 (2): 117–120. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-6055.1969.tb00743.x. Full article: [1]. Reference page.
Müller, C.J & Tennent, W.J., 2014: A new species of Hypochrysops Felder & Felder, 1860, from Waigeo Island, Indonesia (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Suara Serangga Papua 8 (4): 109–115. Reference page.
Sands, D.P.A., 1971. Hypochrysops digglesii (Hewitson) comb. n. and H. rufimargo (Rothschild) comb. n.(Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Australian Journal of Entomology 10 (2): 131-133. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-6055.1971.tb00021.x. Full article: [2]. Reference page.
Sands, D.P.A. 1986. A Revision of the genus Hypochrysops C. & R. Felder (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) Entomonograph 7, 116pp., 3 pls. Reference page.
Schröder, S., 2013. Notes on West Papuan (Indonesia) Hypochrysops C. & R. Felder, 1860 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Suara Serangga Papua 8 (2): 41- 47, 14 figs. Reference page.
Schröder, S. & Stradomsky, B.V. 2016. Resolving the taxonomic status of Hypochrysops hypocletus Oberthür, 1880 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). SUGAPA (Suara Serangga Papua) 9(1): 1–22. Full article (PDF). Reference page.
Scudder, S.H. 1875. Historical sketch of the generic names proposed for butterflies. Proc. amer. Soc. Arts Sci. Boston 10: 91–293. BHL Reference page.
Seki, Y., 1994. Descriptions of new Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) from Paramalaya (I). Futao 15: 20-24, ill. Reference page.
Staudinger, O., 1895. Eine neue Lycaeniden-Gattung Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 8: 153-157.Reference page.
Tennent, W.J. & Rawlins, A., 2009: A new subspecies of Hypochrysops anacletus C.Felder, 1860, from the island of Buru, Maluku, Indonesia (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Theclinae). Butterflies (Teinopalpus) 52: 4-9. Reference page.
Waterhouse, G.A. & Lyell, G. 1914. The Butterflies of Australia. A monograph of the Australian Rhopalocera. 238 pp., 888 figs. Sydney. BHL Reference page.
Yagishita, A., 2003: A new subspecies of the genus Hypochrysops (Lycaenidae) from Yapen Island, New Guinea. Futao 44: 22-24. Reference page.
Yagishita, A., 2004: Description of a new species of the genus Hypochrysops from Papua, Indonesia (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Futao 47: 14-15. Reference page.
Yagishita, A., Tennent, W.J. & Müller, C. J., 2013. A magnificent new Hypochrysops Felder & Felder, 1860, from Yapen Island, Indonesia (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Butterflies 64: 50-53. Reference page.

Hypochrysops is a genus of butterflies in the family Lycaenidae first described by Cajetan Felder and Rudolf Felder in 1860. This particular genus is exclusive to the Australian area with only a few species straying into Papua New Guinea.
Food sources

The mistletoe plant is ambiguously claimed to be a food source for at least some species of Hypochrysops.

This might be so, but raises some questions because most Lycaenidae have parasitic or mutualistic, often highly specific, relationships with various species of ants, and ants have been reported to carry the eggs of the Apollo jewel butterfly (Hypochrysops apollo apollo) into their colonies inside ant plants of the genus Myrmecodia. Myrmecodia species have certain superficial resemblances to "mistletoes", but are epiphytic, not markedly parasitic, and are not in any parasitic plant family; they are in fact in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. It seems likely that Hypochrysops apollo apollo at least, might feed exclusively on ant food and ant larvae.

Hypochrysops alyattes H. H. Druce, 1891
Hypochrysops anacletus C. Felder, 1860
Hypochrysops antiphon Grose-Smith, 1897
Hypochrysops apelles Fabricius, 1775

H. a. singkepe D'Abrera, 1977

Hypochrysops apollo Miskin, 1891

H. a. phoebus Waterhouse, 1928
H. a. wendisi Bethune-Baker, 1909

Hypochrysops architas H. H. Druce, 1891

H. a. cratevas H. H. Druce, 1891
H. a. marie Tennent, 2001
H. a. suethes H. H. Druce, 1891

Hypochrysops aristocles Grose-Smith, 1898
Hypochrysops argyriorufa van Eecke, 1924
Hypochrysops arronica Felder, 1859
Hypochrysops aurantiaca Yagishita, 2004
Hypochrysops bakeri Joicey & Talbot, 1916
Hypochrysops boisduvali Oberthür, 1894
Hypochrysops byzos Boisduval, 1832

H. b. hecalius Miskin, 1884

Hypochrysops calliphon Grose-Smith, 1894
Hypochrysops castaneus Sands, 1986
Hypochrysops chrysanthis Felder, 1860
Hypochrysops chrysargyra Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1895
Hypochrysops chrysodesmus Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1899
Hypochrysops chrysotoxus Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1890
Hypochrysops cleon Grose-Smith, 1900
Hypochrysops coelisparsus Butler, 1883

H. c. kerri Riley, 1932

Hypochrysops coruscans Grose-Smith, 1897

H. c. subcaeruleum Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1896
H. c. ceramicum H. H. Druce, 1903
H. c. dinawa -Bethune-Baker, 1908

Hypochrysops cyane Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914
Hypochrysops delicia Hewitson, 1875

H. d. delos Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914
H. d. duaringae Waterhouse, 1903
H. d. regina Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1895

Hypochrysops dicomus Hewitson, 1874
Hypochrysops digglesii Hewitson, 1874
Hypochrysops dinawa Bethune-Baker, 1908
Hypochrysops dohertyi Oberthür, 1894
Hypochrysops doleschallii Felder, 1860
Hypochrysops elgneri Waterhouse & Lyell, 1909

H. e. barnardi Waterhouse, 1934

Hypochrysops emiliae D'Abrera, 1971
Hypochrysops epicurus Miskin, 1876
Hypochrysops eucletus Felder, 1865

H. e. dyope Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1895
H. e. eratosthenes Fruhstorfer, 1908
H. e. menandrus Fruhstorfer, 1908
H. e. vulcanicus D'Abrera, 1971

Hypochrysops eunice Fruhstorfer, 1915
Hypochyrsops felderi Oberthür, 1894
Hypochrysops ferruguineus Sands, 1986
Hypochrysops geminatus Sands, 1986
Hypochrysops halyaetus Hewitson, 1874
Hypochrysops herdonius Hewitson, 1874
Hypochrysops heros Grose-Smith, 1894

H. h. imogena D'Abrera, 1971
H. h. polemon Fruhstorfer, 1915

Hypochrysops hippuris Hewitson, 1874
Hypochrysops honora Grose-Smith, 1898
Hypochrysops hypates Hewitson, 1874

H. h. zeuxis Staudinger, 1888

Hypochrysops ignita Leach, 1814

H. i. chrysonotus Grose-Smith, 1899
H. i. erythrina Waterhouse & Lyell, 1909
H. i. olliffi Miskin, 1889

Hypochrysops lucilla D'Abrera, 1971
Hypochrysops luteus Sands, 1986
Hypochrysops makrikii Ribbe, 1900
Hypochrysops meeki Rothschild & Jordan, 1905
Hypochrysops mioswara Bethune-Baker, 1913
Hypochrysops mirabillis Pagenstecher, 1894
Hypochrysops miraculum H. H. Druce & Bethune-Baker, 1893
Hypochrysops miskini Waterhouse, 1903
Hypochrysops narcissus Fabricius, 1775
Hypochrysops pagenstecheri Ribbe, 1899
Hypochrysops piceata Kerr, Macqueen & Sands, 1969
Hypochrysops plotinus Grose-Smith, 1894
Hypochrysops polycletus Linnaeus, 1758

H. p. atromarginata H. H. Druce, 1891
H. p. brunnea H. H. Druce, 1903
H. p. epicletus Felder, 1859
H. p. hylaithus Fruhstorfer, 1908
H. p. hypochrysops Oberthür, 1880
H. p. kaystrus Fruhstorfer, 1908
H. p. linos Fruhstorfer, 1908
H. p. menyllus Fruhstorfer, 1908
H. p. oineus Fruhstorfer, 1908
H. p. rex Boisduval, 1832
H. p. rovena H. H. Druce, 1891

Hypochrysops pratti Bethune-Baker, 1913
Hypochrysops protogenes Felder, 1865

H. p. cleonides Grose-Smith, 1900
H. p. hermogenes Grose-Smith, 1894
H. p. pretiosus Grose-Smith, 1894
H. p. thesaurus Grose-Smith, 1894

Hypochrysops pyrodes Cassidy, 2003
Hypochrysops pythias Felder, 1865

H. p. aurifer Grose-Smith, 1898
H. p. drucei Oberthür, 1894
H. p. euclides Miskin, 1889

Hypochrysops resplendens Bethune-Baker, 1908
Hypochrysops ribbei Röber, 1886
Hypochrysops rufimargo Rothschild, 1915
Hypochrysops rufinus Grose-Smith, 1898
Hypochrysops scintillans Butler, 1882

H. s. carveri D'Abrera, 1971
H. s. carolina D'Abrera, 1971
H. s. constancea D'Abrera, 1971
H. s. squalliensis D'Abrera, 1971

Hypochrysops simplex Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1896
Hypochrysops siren Grose-Smith, 1894
Hypochrsops taeniata Jordan, 1908
Hypochrysops thauma Staudinger, 1895
Hypochrysops theon Felder, 1865

H. t. alix Grose-Smith, 1900
H. t. carmen Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1899
H. t. medocus Fruhstorfer, 1908
H. t. theonides Grose-Smith, 1894
H. t. theophanes Grose-Smith, 1894

Hypochrysops thesaurus Grose-Smith, 1894
Hypochrysops utyi Bethune-Baker, 1913

Savela, Markku (December 8, 2018). "Hypochrysops C. & R. Felder, 1860". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved December 16, 2019.

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