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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Staphyliniformia
Superfamilia: Staphylinoidea

Familia: Staphylinidae
Subfamilia: Scydmaeninae
Supertribus: Cephenniitae
Genus: †Kachinus
Species: K. antennatus

Invalid species names: K. magnificus

†Kachinus Chatzimanolis, Engel & Newton, 2010: 81

Type species: Kachinus antennatus Chatzimanolis, Engel & Newton, 2010, fixed by original designation.

Primary references

Chatzimanolis, S., Engel, M.S., Newton, A.F. & Grimaldi, D.A. 2010. New ant-like stone beetles in mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Scydmaeninae). Cretaceous research 31(1): 77–84. DOI: 10.1016/j.cretres.2009.09.009 Reference page. [original description: p. 81]

Kachinus is an extinct genus of ant-like stone beetle in the family Staphylinidae containing the single species Kachinus antennatus.[2]
History and classification

The type species, K. antennatus, is known from only the holotype, a single, complete adult, now deposited in the American Museum of Natural History as specimen number "AMNH Bu-113". The amber specimen is from deposits in Kachin State, Tanai Village, 105 kilometres (65 mi) northwest of Myitkyina, Myanmar.[2]

The holotype was first studied by Stylianos Chatzimanolis of the University of Tennessee, Michael Engel of the University of Kansas, and Alfred Newton of the Field Museum.[2] Chatzimanolis, Engel and Newton published their 2010 type description for K. antennatus in the journal Cretaceous Research. The genus name is a masculine derivation of the Kachin State in Northern Myanmar where the amber containing the type specimen was unearthed. The species name antennatus is Latin, signifying "antennaed".[2]

The second species, K. magnificus, was described from the Albian amber from Spain;[3] however, this species was subsequently made the type species of a separate genus Archeutheia by Jałoszyński & Peris (2016).[4]

The beetle is small, only 0.6 millimetres (0.024 in) long, possessing a light brown body with yellowish brown legs, antennae, and head. Kachinus has a unique combination of characters found in both the Cephennini and Eutheiini tribes of the Scydmaeninae supertribe Scydmaenitae.[2] Elytra and pronotum which are not clearly discontinuous and a head which does not have a narrowed area from the vertex to the occiput are features found in the modern Cephennini genera. However the overall pronotum shape and body shape combined with shortened elytra are distinct features of Eutheiini. It is noted that with the distinctly elevated mesosternal keel Kachinus is similar in appearance to the modern genus Paraneseuthia.[2]
Wikispecies has information related to Kachinus.

Engel, M.S. (2002). "The Smallest Snakefly(Raphidioptera: Mesoraphidiidae): A New Species in Cretaceous Amber from Myanmar, with a Catalog of Fossil Snakeflies". American Museum Novitates (3363): 1–22. doi:10.1206/0003-0082(2002)363<0001:TSSRMA>2.0.CO;2. hdl:2246/2852.
Stylianos Chatzimanolis; Michael S. Engel; Alfred F. Newton; David A. Grimaldi (2010). "New ant-like stone beetles in mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Coleoptera:Staphylinidae: Scydmaeninae)". Cretaceous Research. 31 (1): 77–84. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2009.09.009.
David Peris, Stylianos Chatzimanolis and Xavier Delclòs (2014). "Diversity of rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in Early Cretaceous Spanish amber". Cretaceous Research. 48: 85–95. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2013.11.008.
Paweł Jałoszyński and David Peris (2016). "Cretaceous amber inclusions of Spain and Myanmar demonstrate early diversification and wide dispersal of Cephenniitae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Scydmaeninae)". Cretaceous Research. 57: 190–198. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2015.09.002.

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