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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Paraneoptera
Superordo: Condylognatha
Ordo: Hemiptera
Subordo: Auchenorrhyncha
Infraordo: Cicadomorpha
Superfamilia: Membracoidea

Familiae (5): Aetalionidae – Cicadellidae – Melizoderidae – MembracidaeMyerslopiidae

Genera Unassigned (1): Cicadellium

Membracoidea Rafinesque, 1850



Dietrich, C.H. 2005: Keys to the families of Cicadomorpha and subfamilies and tribes of Cicadellidae (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Florida Entomologist, 88: 502–517. [1]


Membracoidea - World Auchenorrhyncha Database -

Vernacular names
čeština: křísci
日本語: ツノゼミ上科

The superfamily Membracoidea of sap-sucking true-bugs includes two of the largest families within what used to be called the "Homoptera": the leafhoppers (Cicadellidae) and the treehoppers (Membracidae). The other families in this group are quite small, and have, at various points, generally been included as members within other families, though they are all presently considered to be valid, monophyletic groups. The relict family Myerslopiidae is restricted to New Zealand and South America while the Melizoderidae consist of two genera restricted to South America.[1][2] The great diversity of Neotropical taxa suggests that the group originated in that region.










Family relations within the Membracoidea[3][4]

The Membracoidea share the following anatomical characteristics, a tentorium which is incomplete, the midcoxae are enlarged; and the mid and hind tibiae have rows of setae. The position of Jascopidae represented by Jascopus notabilis and Homopterulum jelli is not entirely clear but they have setal rows on the front and middle tibiae.[5]

Szwedo, Jacek (2004). "An annotated checklist of Myerslopiidae with notes on the distribution and origin of the group (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha)". Zootaxa. 425: 1–15. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.425.1.1.
Szwedo, Jacek (2004). "A new genus and six new species of ground-dwelling leafhoppers from Chile and New Zealand (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Myerslopiidae)". Zootaxa. 424: 1–20. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.424.1.1. Abstract
Cryan, Jason R (2005). "Molecular phylogeny of Cicadomorpha (Insecta: Hemiptera: Cicadoidea, Cercopoidea and Membracoidea): Adding evidence to the controversy". Systematic Entomology. 30 (4): 563–574. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2004.00285.x. S2CID 81988116.
Andrew, K. G (1999). "The ground-dwelling leafhoppers Myerslopiidae, new family, and Sagmatiini, new tribe (Homoptera : Membracoidea)". Invertebrate Systematics. 13 (2): 207. doi:10.1071/IT96028.

Dietrich, Christopher H.; Deitz, Lewis L. (1993). "Superfamily Membracoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). II. Cladistic analysis and conclusions". Systematic Entomology. 18 (4): 297–311. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.1993.tb00668.x. ISSN 0307-6970. S2CID 83755026.

Hamilton, K. G. A. (1990). "Insects from the Santana Formation, Lower Cretaceous, of Brazil. Chapter 6: Homoptera" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 195: 82–122.
Deitz, Lewis L. & Dietrich, Christopher H. (1993). "Superfamily Membracoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). I. Introduction and revised classification with new family-group taxa". Systematic Entomology. 18 (4): 287–296. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.1993.tb00667.x. S2CID 85837251.
Dietrich, Christopher H. & Deitz, Lewis L. (1993). "Superfamily Membracoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). II. Cladistic analysis and conclusions". Systematic Entomology. 18 (4): 297–311. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.1993.tb00668.x. S2CID 83755026.

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