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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Cucujiformia
Superfamilia: Tenebrionoidea

Familia: Tenebrionidae
Subfamilia: Phrenapatinae
Tribus (3): Archaeoglenini - Penetini - Phrenapatini

Phrenapatinae Lacordaire, 1859

Phrenapatinae is a subfamily of darkling beetles in the family Tenebrionidae. There are more than 20 genera in Phrenapatinae, grouped into 3 tribes.[1][2][3][4]

These genera belong to the subfamily Phrenapatinae:

Afrotagalus Gebien, 1942
Aphtora Bates, 1872
Archaeoglenes Broun, 1893
Archeophthora Kaszab, 1978
Clamoris Gozis, 1886
Cleolaus Champion, 1886
Daochus Champion, 1886
Delognatha Lacordaire, 1859
Dioedus Leconte, 1862
Endroeditagalus Schawaller & Bouchard, 2019
Exechophthalmus Ardoin, 1974
Falsotagalus Kaszab, 1977
Leleupium Kaszab, 1956
Madagassa Koch, 1950
Molion Champion, 1886
Nanotagalus Gebien, 1942
Neotagalus Kaszab, 1955
Peneta Lacordaire, 1859
Phrenapates Gray, 1831
Pseudophthora Kaszab, 1970
Pycnochilus C.O. Waterhouse, 1879
Scolytocaulus Fairmaire, 1896
Sepilokus Iwan & Ras, 2020
Tagalinus Kaszab, 1977
Tagalopsis Kaszab, 1955
Taiwanotagalus Masumoto, 1982
Telchis Champion, 1886
Zypoetes Champion, 1893


Bouchard, Patrice; Bousquet, Yves; Aalbu, Rolf L.; Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel A.; et al. (2021). "Review of genus-group names in the family Tenebrionidae (Insecta, Coleoptera)". ZooKeys (1050): 1–633. doi:10.3897/zookeys.1050.64217. hdl:10261/250214. PMC 8328949. PMID 34385881.
"Phrenapatinae subfamily Information". Retrieved 2021-08-06.
Bousquet, Yves; Thomas, Donald B.; Bouchard, Patrice; Smith, Aaron D.; et al. (2018). "Catalogue of Tenebrionidae (Coleoptera) of North America". ZooKeys (728): 1–455. doi:10.3897/zookeys.728.20602. PMC 5799738. PMID 29416389.

Bouchard, Patrice; Bousquet, Yves; Davies, Anthony E.; Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel A.; et al. (2011). "Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta)". ZooKeys (88): 1–972. doi:10.3897/zookeys.88.807. PMC 3088472. PMID 21594053.

Further reading

LeConte, J. L. (1861). Classification of the Coleoptera of North America. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Vol. 3. Smithsonian Institution. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.38459. ISBN 978-0665100550.
Somerby, Ronald E.; Thomas, Donald B.; Triplehorn, Charles A. (2002). "Family 106: Tenebrionidae". In Arnett, Ross H. Jr.; Thomas, Michael C.; Skelley, Paul E.; Frank, J. Howard (eds.). American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. CRC Press. pp. 463–509. ISBN 978-0-8493-0954-0.

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