Fine Art

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Scarabaeiformia
Superfamilia: Scarabaeoidea

Familia: Scarabaeidae
Subfamilia: Termitotroginae
Genera (1): Termitotrox

[source: Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist (as Termitotrogidae)]
Termitotroginae Wasmann, 1918

Termitotroginae is a monotypic subfamily of the family Scarabaeidae, the scarab beetles. The only genus in the subfamily is Termititrox. A second genus, Aphodiocopris, Arrow, 1920, has been synonymised with Termitotrox. All known members of this subfamily are tiny, blind and flightless, and dwell within the fungal gardens of colonies of species of termite in Africa or tropical Asia.

Termitotrogins are characterised by having no eyes and no wings, and their pronotum and elytra have a distinctive patterning of ribs and grooves. The function of the beetles in the termite colony is unclear but it seems that they are likely to be obligatory termitophiles and somehow play an important role in the nest environment of their fungus-growing hosts.[1]

The following species are included in the genus Termitotrox:[1]

Termitotrox ancoroides (Petrovitz, 1956) – Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Termitotrox consobrinus Reichensperger, 1915 – Republic of South Africa and KwazuluNatal
Termitotrox cupido Maruyama, 2012 - Cambodia [2]
Termitotrox kenyensis Paulian, 1985 – Kenya
Termitotrox maynei Reichensperger, 1956 – Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Termitotrox minutus (Arrow, 1920) – India
Termitotrox monodi Paulian, 1947 – Ivory Coast
Termitotrox permirus Wasmann, 1918 – India
Termitotrox turkanicus Krikken, 2008 – Kenya
Termitotrox usambaricus Krikken, 2008 – Tanzania
Termitotrox vanbruggeni Krikken, 2008 – Kenya


Krikken, J. (2008). "Blind, flightless termitophiles of the genus Termitotrox in East Africa: three new species with a generic review (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Termitotroginae)". Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. 151: 65–75. doi:10.1163/22119434-900000251. ISSN 0040-7496.
Maruyama, Munetoshi (2012). "Termitotrox cupido sp. n. (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae), a new termitophilous scarab species from the Indo-Chinese subregion, associated with Hypotermes termites". ZooKeys (254): 89–97. doi:10.3897/zookeys.254.4285. PMC 3561921. PMID 23378817.

Insects, Fine Art Prints

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World