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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Scarabaeiformia
Superfamilia: Scarabaeoidea

Subfamilia: Cetoniinae
Tribus: Gymnetini
Subtribus (2): Blaesiina – Gymnetina

Gymnetini Kirby, 1827: 150

Type genus: Gymnetis MacLeay, 1819

Gymnetidae Kirby, 1827: 150 [original name]

Primary references

Kirby, W. 1827. A description of some new genera and species of petalocerous Coleoptera. The Zoological Journal 3(10): 145–158. BHL Reference page. [see page 150]

Adiitional references

Ratcliffe, B.C. 2019: Keys to Adults of all Genera and Larvae of 19 Species of Gymnetini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Cetoniinae) in the New World, with a Species Checklist and Descriptions of Two New Genera and Species from Mexico and Martinique. Coleopterists bulletin 73(1): 1-26. DOI: 10.1649/0010-065X-73.1.1 Reference page.

Gymnetini is a tribe of fruit and flower chafers in the family Scarabaeidae. There are 34 genera in Gymnetini, mostly New World.


Allorrhina Burmeister, 1842
Amazula Kraatz, 1882
Amithao J. Thomson, 1878
Argyripa J. Thomson, 1878
Astroscara Schürhoff, 1937
Badelina J. Thomson, 1880
Balsameda J. Thomson, 1880
Blaesia Burmeister, 1842
Chiriquibia Bates, 1889
Clinteria Burmeister, 1842
Clinteroides Schoch, 1898
Cotinis Burmeister, 1842
Desicasta J. Thomson, 1878
Guatemalica van der Poll, 1886
Gymnephoria Ratcliffe, 2019
Gymnetina Casey, 1915
Gymnetis MacLeay, 1819
Hadrosticta Kraatz, 1892
Halffterinetis Morón & Nogueira, 2007
Heterocotinis Martínez, 1948
Hologymnetis Martínez, 1949
Hoplopyga J. Thomson, 1880
Hoplopygothrix Schürhoff, 1933
Howdenypa Arnaud, 1993
Jansonia Schürhoff, 1937
Macrocranius Schürhoff, 1935
Madiana Ratcliffe & Romé, 2019
Marmarina Kirby, 1827
Neocorvicoana Ratcliffe & Micó, 2001
Pseudoclinteria Kraatz, 1882
Stethodesma Bainbridge, 1840
Thaumastopeus Kraatz, 1883
Tiarocera Burmeister, 1842

Further reading

Blatchley, W.S. (1910). An illustrated descriptive catalogue of the Coleoptera, beetles (exclusive of the Rhynchophora) known to occur in Indiana. Nature Pub.
Crotch, G.R. (1873). Check list of the Coleoptera of America, north of Mexico. Naturalists' Agency. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.38811. ISBN 0665070772.
Evans, Arthur V.; Hogue, James N. (2006). Field Guide to Beetles of California. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520246577.
Hardy, A. (1991). "A catalog of the Coleoptera of America North of Mexico: Family Scarabaeidae, Subfamilies Rutelinae and Dynastinae" (PDF). USDA Agriculture Handbook.
Harpootlian, Phillip J. (2001). Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina. Clemson University Public Service.
Klimaszewski, Jan; Watt, J.Charles (1997). "Coleoptera: family-group review and keys to identification". Fauna of New Zealand. 37.
Lawrence, J.F.; Newton Jr., A.F. (1995). Pakaluk, James; Slipinski, Stanislaw Adam (eds.). Families and subfamilies of Coleoptera (with selected genera, notes, references and data on family-group names). Biology, Phylogeny, and Classification of Coleoptera: Papers Celebrating the 80th Birthday of Roy A. Crowson. Vol. 2. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii PAN. pp. 779–1006. ISBN 83-85192-34-4.
LeConte, J.L. (1861). Classification of the Coleoptera of North America. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Vol. 3. Smithsonian Institution. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.38459. ISBN 0665100558.
Leng, Charles W. (1920). Catalogue of the Coleoptera of America, North of Mexico. John D. Sherman, Jr. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.8777.
Riley, Edward G.; Wolfe, Charles S. (2003). "An annotated checklist of the Scarabaeoidea of Texas" (PDF). Southwestern Entomologist, Supplement.
White, Richard E. (1998) [1983]. A Field Guide to the Beetles of North America (Peterson Field Guides). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0395910897.

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