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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Hymenopterida
Ordo: Hymenoptera
Subordo: Apocrita
Superfamilia: Formicoidea

Subfamilia: Leptanillinae
Tribus (2): Anomalomyrmini - Leptanillini
Overview of genera (5)


Leptanillinae Emery, 1910

Bolton, B. 1990: The higher classification of the ant subfamily Leptanillinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic entomology, 15(3): 267–282. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.1990.tb00063.x PDF

Vernacular names
日本語: ムカシアリ亜科

Leptanillinae is a subfamily of ants. They are further divided into the tribes Anomalomyrmini and Leptanillini.

In all Leptanillini, the larvae feed their hemolymph to the queen through specialized processes on their prothoraces and third abdominal segments.[2] This behavior resembles that of the unrelated Adetomyrma, also called Dracula ants, which pierce their larvae to obtain body fluids.

At least Leptanilla and Phaulomyrma are minute, yellow, blind ants that live below the surface.


The Leptanillinae are mainly spread out in tropical and warm temperate regions in Europe and Australian regions.[3]

Anomalomyrmini Bolton, 1990
Anomalomyrma Taylor, 1990
Furcotanilla Xu, 2012
Protanilla Taylor, 1990
Leptanillini Emery, 1910
Leptanilla Emery, 1870
Phaulomyrma G.C. Wheeler & E.W. Wheeler, 1930
Yavnella Kugler, 1987


Bolton, B. (2015). "Leptanillinae". AntCat. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
Tree of Life Web Project. 2004. Leptanillini. Version 21 October 2004 (temporary). In: The Tree of Life Web Project
Xu, Zhenghui (2017). "The northern-most record of Leptanillinae in China with description of Protanilla beijingensis sp nov (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". 9 – via Science Citation.

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