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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordo: Brachycera
Infraordo: Asilomorpha
Superfamilia: Nemestrinoidea

Familia: Acroceridae
Subfamilia: Panopinae
Genera (24): ApelleiaApsonaArchipialea – ?ArrhynchusAstomellaAstomelloidesCamposellaCoquenaCorononcodesEulonchusExetasisLasiaLasioidesLeucopsinaMesophysaOcnaeaPanopsPhysegastrellaPialeaPsiloderaPterodontiaPteropexusRhysogasterStenopialea


Panopinae Schiner, 1867
Additional references

Barraclough, D.A. 2001. A review of the South African species of Corononcodes Speiser (Diptera: Acroceridae). African invertebrates 42: 95–104. Abstract.
Gillung, J.P. & Carvalho, C.J.B., de 2009. Acroceridae (Diptera): a pictorial key and diagnosis of the Brazilian genera. Zootaxa 2175: 29–41. Abstract & excerpt. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.2175.1.3 Paywall. PDF. Reference page.
Gillung, J.P. & Winterton, S.L. 2019. Evolution of fossil and living spider flies based on morphological and molecular data (Diptera, Acroceridae). Systematic Entomology 44(4): 820–841. DOI: 10.1111/syen.12358 Open access. Reference page.
Winterton, S.L., Wiegmann, B.M. & Schlinger, E.I. 2007. Phylogeny and Bayesian divergence time estimations of small-headed flies (Diptera: Acroceridae) using multiple molecular markers. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 43(3): 808–832. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2006.08.015


Australasian/Oceanian Diptera Catalog -- Web Version
Panopinae – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

Panopinae is a subfamily of small-headed flies (Acroceridae). Their larvae are endoparasites of spiders in the infraorder Mygalomorphae.[1]

The subfamily includes 24 extant genera:[1]

Apelleia Bellardi, 1862
Apsona Westwood, 1876[2]
Archipialea Schlinger, 1973[3]
Arrhynchus Philippi, 1871
Astomella Latreille, 1809
Astomelloides Schlinger, 1959[4]
Camposella Cole, 1919
Coquena Schlinger in Schlinger, Gillung & Borkent, 2013[5]
Corononcodes Speiser, 1920
Eulonchus Gerstaecker, 1856
Exetasis Walker, 1852
Lasia Wiedemann, 1824
Lasioides Gil Collado, 1928
Leucopsina Westwood, 1876[2]
Mesophysa Macquart, 1838
Ocnaea Erichson, 1840
Panops Lamarck, 1804
Physegastrella Brunetti, 1926[6]
Pialea Erichson, 1840
Psilodera Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon, 1832[7]
Pterodontia Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon, 1832[7]
Pteropexus Macquart, 1846
Rhysogaster Aldrich, 1927
Stenopialea Speiser, 1920


Gillung, Jessica P.; Winterton, Shawn L. (2019). "Evolution of fossil and living spider flies based on morphological and molecular data (Diptera, Acroceridae)". Systematic Entomology. 44 (4): 820–841. doi:10.1111/syen.12358.
Westwood, J. O. (1876). "Notae Dipterologicae. No. 3.— Descriptions of new genera and species of the family Acroceridae". Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 1876: 507–518.
Schlinger, E.I. (1973). "Studies in Neotropical Acroceridae, Part II. The new genus Archipialea and its four new Chilean species". Revista Chilena de Entomología. 7: 51–57.
Schlinger, E. I. (1959). "A Review of the Genus Rhysogaster Aldrich, with Descriptions of New Genera and New Species of Oriental, Ethiopian and Australian Acroceridae (Diptera)". Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 52 (1): 150–159. doi:10.1093/aesa/52.2.150.
Schlinger, Evert I.; Gillung, Jessica P.; Borkent, Christopher J. (2013). "New spider flies from the Neotropical Region (Diptera, Acroceridae) with a key to New World genera". ZooKeys (270): 59–93. doi:10.3897/zookeys.270.4476. PMC 3668421. PMID 23730188.
Brunetti, E. (1926). "New and little-known Cyrtidæ (Diptera)". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 9. 18 (107): 561–606. doi:10.1080/00222932608633552.
Griffith, E.; Pidgeon, E. (1832). "The class Insecta arranged by the Baron Cuvier, with supplementary additions to each order by Edward Griffith, F.L.S., A.S. &c. and Edward Pidgeon, Esq. and notices of new genera and species by George Gray, Esq. Volume the second". In Griffith, E.; et al. (eds.). The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with supplementary additions to each order. Vol. the fifteenth. London: Whittaker, Treacher & Co. pp. 1–793.

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